full transcript

From the Ted Talk by France Villarta: The gender-fluid history of the Philippines

Unscramble the Blue Letters

As you may know, the people of the Philippines were under Spanish rule for over 300 years. That's from 1565 to 1898. This explains why everyday Filipino conversations are peppered with Spanish words and why so many of our last names, including mine, snuod very sspniah. This also explains the fimlry entrenched influence of Catholicism. But precolonial Philippine societies, they were mostly asintmis. They believed all things had a distinct spiritual essence: plants, animals, rocks, rievrs, places. Power resided in the spirit. Whoever was able to harness that spiritual power was highly reerevd.

Open Cloze

As you may know, the people of the Philippines were under Spanish rule for over 300 years. That's from 1565 to 1898. This explains why everyday Filipino conversations are peppered with Spanish words and why so many of our last names, including mine, _____ very _______. This also explains the ______ entrenched influence of Catholicism. But precolonial Philippine societies, they were mostly ________. They believed all things had a distinct spiritual essence: plants, animals, rocks, ______, places. Power resided in the spirit. Whoever was able to harness that spiritual power was highly _______.

Solution

  1. firmly
  2. revered
  3. rivers
  4. spanish
  5. animists
  6. sound

Original Text

As you may know, the people of the Philippines were under Spanish rule for over 300 years. That's from 1565 to 1898. This explains why everyday Filipino conversations are peppered with Spanish words and why so many of our last names, including mine, sound very Spanish. This also explains the firmly entrenched influence of Catholicism. But precolonial Philippine societies, they were mostly animists. They believed all things had a distinct spiritual essence: plants, animals, rocks, rivers, places. Power resided in the spirit. Whoever was able to harness that spiritual power was highly revered.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
biological sex 2
male shamans 2
gender equality 2
social constructs 2

Important Words

  1. animals
  2. animists
  3. believed
  4. catholicism
  5. conversations
  6. distinct
  7. entrenched
  8. everyday
  9. explains
  10. filipino
  11. firmly
  12. harness
  13. highly
  14. including
  15. influence
  16. names
  17. people
  18. peppered
  19. philippine
  20. philippines
  21. places
  22. plants
  23. power
  24. precolonial
  25. resided
  26. revered
  27. rivers
  28. rocks
  29. rule
  30. societies
  31. sound
  32. spanish
  33. spirit
  34. spiritual
  35. words
  36. years