full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Juan Enriquez: The life code that will reshape the future

Unscramble the Blue Letters

How's this stuff work? If each of you dierffs from the person next to you by one in a thousand, but only three pncreet codes, which means it's only one in a taounshd times three percent, very small differences in expression and punctuation can make a significant difference. Take a simple declarative sentence. (Laughter) Right? That's perfectly clear. So, men read that sentence, and they look at that sentence, and they read this. Okay? Now, women look at that sentence and they say, uh-uh, wrong. This is the way it should be seen. (Laughter) That's what your genes are doing. That's why you difefr from this peosrn over here by one in a thousand. Right? But, you know, he's reasonably good looking, but... I won't go there. You can do this stuff even without changing the punctuation. You can look at this, right? And they look at the world a little differently. They look at the same world and they say... (lhetguar) That's how the same gene code — that's why you have 30,000 geens, mice have 30,000 genes, husbands have 30,000 genes. Mice and men are the same. Wives know that, but anyway. You can make very small changes in gene code and get really different oecmouts, even with the same string of letters. That's what your genes are doing every day. That's why sometimes a person's genes don't have to change a lot to get cancer.

Open Cloze

How's this stuff work? If each of you _______ from the person next to you by one in a thousand, but only three _______ codes, which means it's only one in a ________ times three percent, very small differences in expression and punctuation can make a significant difference. Take a simple declarative sentence. (Laughter) Right? That's perfectly clear. So, men read that sentence, and they look at that sentence, and they read this. Okay? Now, women look at that sentence and they say, uh-uh, wrong. This is the way it should be seen. (Laughter) That's what your genes are doing. That's why you ______ from this ______ over here by one in a thousand. Right? But, you know, he's reasonably good looking, but... I won't go there. You can do this stuff even without changing the punctuation. You can look at this, right? And they look at the world a little differently. They look at the same world and they say... (________) That's how the same gene code — that's why you have 30,000 _____, mice have 30,000 genes, husbands have 30,000 genes. Mice and men are the same. Wives know that, but anyway. You can make very small changes in gene code and get really different ________, even with the same string of letters. That's what your genes are doing every day. That's why sometimes a person's genes don't have to change a lot to get cancer.

Solution

  1. percent
  2. thousand
  3. genes
  4. outcomes
  5. differ
  6. differs
  7. person
  8. laughter

Original Text

How's this stuff work? If each of you differs from the person next to you by one in a thousand, but only three percent codes, which means it's only one in a thousand times three percent, very small differences in expression and punctuation can make a significant difference. Take a simple declarative sentence. (Laughter) Right? That's perfectly clear. So, men read that sentence, and they look at that sentence, and they read this. Okay? Now, women look at that sentence and they say, uh-uh, wrong. This is the way it should be seen. (Laughter) That's what your genes are doing. That's why you differ from this person over here by one in a thousand. Right? But, you know, he's reasonably good looking, but... I won't go there. You can do this stuff even without changing the punctuation. You can look at this, right? And they look at the world a little differently. They look at the same world and they say... (Laughter) That's how the same gene code — that's why you have 30,000 genes, mice have 30,000 genes, husbands have 30,000 genes. Mice and men are the same. Wives know that, but anyway. You can make very small changes in gene code and get really different outcomes, even with the same string of letters. That's what your genes are doing every day. That's why sometimes a person's genes don't have to change a lot to get cancer.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
gene code 9
life forms 3
entire gene 3
single greatest 2
billion base 2
base pairs 2
white europeans 2
population pressure 2
amoeba dubia 2
interesting questions 2
sulfuric acid 2
give birth 2
genomics company 2
genomically literate 2
literate world 2
productive nation 2
silicon valley 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
billion base pairs 2
entire gene code 2
genomically literate world 2

Important Words

  1. cancer
  2. change
  3. changing
  4. clear
  5. code
  6. codes
  7. day
  8. declarative
  9. differ
  10. difference
  11. differences
  12. differently
  13. differs
  14. expression
  15. gene
  16. genes
  17. good
  18. husbands
  19. laughter
  20. letters
  21. lot
  22. means
  23. men
  24. mice
  25. outcomes
  26. percent
  27. perfectly
  28. person
  29. punctuation
  30. read
  31. sentence
  32. significant
  33. simple
  34. small
  35. string
  36. stuff
  37. thousand
  38. times
  39. wives
  40. women
  41. work
  42. world
  43. wrong