full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Juan Enriquez: The life code that will reshape the future

Unscramble the Blue Letters

It turns out that what this stuff is — and rrcahid danwiks has wrtiten about this — is, this is really a rievr out of Eden. So, the 3.2 billion base pairs inside each of your cells is really a history of where you've been for the past billion years. And we could start dating things, and we could strat changing medicine and archeology. It turns out that if you take the human species about 700 years ago, white Europeans diverged from black Africans in a very significant way. White Europeans were subject to the plague. And when they were sejcubt to the plague, most people didn't survive, but those who survived had a mutation on the CCR5 receptor. And that mutation was passed on to their kids because they're the ones that suevivrd, so there was a great deal of puooialtpn pressure. In Africa, because you didn't have these cities, you didn't have that CCR5 population prerusse mutation. We can date it to 700 years ago. That is one of the reasons why AIDS is ragnig across Africa as fast as it is, and not as fast across Europe. And we're beginning to find these little things for malaria, for sckile cell, for cancers. And in the muerase that we map ourselves, this is the single greatest adventure that we'll ever be on. And this Friday, I want you to pull out a really good bottle of wine, and I want you to toast these two popele. Because this Friday, 50 years ago, Watson and Crick found the structure of DNA, and that is almost as itpanromt a date as the 12th of February when we first mapped ourselves, but anyway, we'll get to that.

Open Cloze

It turns out that what this stuff is — and _______ _______ has _______ about this — is, this is really a _____ out of Eden. So, the 3.2 billion base pairs inside each of your cells is really a history of where you've been for the past billion years. And we could start dating things, and we could _____ changing medicine and archeology. It turns out that if you take the human species about 700 years ago, white Europeans diverged from black Africans in a very significant way. White Europeans were subject to the plague. And when they were _______ to the plague, most people didn't survive, but those who survived had a mutation on the CCR5 receptor. And that mutation was passed on to their kids because they're the ones that ________, so there was a great deal of __________ pressure. In Africa, because you didn't have these cities, you didn't have that CCR5 population ________ mutation. We can date it to 700 years ago. That is one of the reasons why AIDS is ______ across Africa as fast as it is, and not as fast across Europe. And we're beginning to find these little things for malaria, for ______ cell, for cancers. And in the _______ that we map ourselves, this is the single greatest adventure that we'll ever be on. And this Friday, I want you to pull out a really good bottle of wine, and I want you to toast these two ______. Because this Friday, 50 years ago, Watson and Crick found the structure of DNA, and that is almost as _________ a date as the 12th of February when we first mapped ourselves, but anyway, we'll get to that.

Solution

  1. subject
  2. start
  3. measure
  4. river
  5. written
  6. population
  7. richard
  8. survived
  9. sickle
  10. important
  11. dawkins
  12. people
  13. raging
  14. pressure

Original Text

It turns out that what this stuff is — and Richard Dawkins has written about this — is, this is really a river out of Eden. So, the 3.2 billion base pairs inside each of your cells is really a history of where you've been for the past billion years. And we could start dating things, and we could start changing medicine and archeology. It turns out that if you take the human species about 700 years ago, white Europeans diverged from black Africans in a very significant way. White Europeans were subject to the plague. And when they were subject to the plague, most people didn't survive, but those who survived had a mutation on the CCR5 receptor. And that mutation was passed on to their kids because they're the ones that survived, so there was a great deal of population pressure. In Africa, because you didn't have these cities, you didn't have that CCR5 population pressure mutation. We can date it to 700 years ago. That is one of the reasons why AIDS is raging across Africa as fast as it is, and not as fast across Europe. And we're beginning to find these little things for malaria, for sickle cell, for cancers. And in the measure that we map ourselves, this is the single greatest adventure that we'll ever be on. And this Friday, I want you to pull out a really good bottle of wine, and I want you to toast these two people. Because this Friday, 50 years ago, Watson and Crick found the structure of DNA, and that is almost as important a date as the 12th of February when we first mapped ourselves, but anyway, we'll get to that.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
gene code 9
life forms 3
entire gene 3
single greatest 2
billion base 2
base pairs 2
white europeans 2
population pressure 2
amoeba dubia 2
interesting questions 2
sulfuric acid 2
give birth 2
genomics company 2
genomically literate 2
literate world 2
productive nation 2
silicon valley 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
billion base pairs 2
entire gene code 2
genomically literate world 2

Important Words

  1. adventure
  2. africa
  3. africans
  4. aids
  5. archeology
  6. base
  7. beginning
  8. billion
  9. black
  10. bottle
  11. cancers
  12. cell
  13. cells
  14. changing
  15. cities
  16. crick
  17. date
  18. dating
  19. dawkins
  20. deal
  21. diverged
  22. dna
  23. eden
  24. europe
  25. europeans
  26. fast
  27. february
  28. find
  29. friday
  30. good
  31. great
  32. greatest
  33. history
  34. human
  35. important
  36. kids
  37. malaria
  38. map
  39. mapped
  40. measure
  41. medicine
  42. mutation
  43. pairs
  44. passed
  45. people
  46. plague
  47. population
  48. pressure
  49. pull
  50. raging
  51. reasons
  52. receptor
  53. richard
  54. river
  55. sickle
  56. significant
  57. single
  58. species
  59. start
  60. structure
  61. stuff
  62. subject
  63. survive
  64. survived
  65. toast
  66. turns
  67. watson
  68. white
  69. wine
  70. written
  71. years