full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Martin Hanczyc: The line between life and not-life

Unscramble the Blue Letters

As we heard earlier, menomvet is very irnpotmat in these kinds of living seysmts. It is moving around, exploring its environment, and remodeling its environment, as you see, by these chemical wveas that are forming by the protocell. So it's acting, in a sense, like a living system trying to preserve itself. We take this same moving protocell here, and we put it in another experiment, get it moving. Then I'm going to add some food to the stysem, and you'll see that in blue here, right? So I add some food source to the system. The protocell moves. It encounters the food. It reconfigures itself and actually then is able to climb to the highest concentration of food in that system and stop there. ailghrt? So not only do we have this system that has a body, it has a metabolism, it can use energy, it moves around. It can ssene its lcoal environment and actually find resources in the erveinnnomt to sustain itself.

Open Cloze

As we heard earlier, ________ is very _________ in these kinds of living _______. It is moving around, exploring its environment, and remodeling its environment, as you see, by these chemical _____ that are forming by the protocell. So it's acting, in a sense, like a living system trying to preserve itself. We take this same moving protocell here, and we put it in another experiment, get it moving. Then I'm going to add some food to the ______, and you'll see that in blue here, right? So I add some food source to the system. The protocell moves. It encounters the food. It reconfigures itself and actually then is able to climb to the highest concentration of food in that system and stop there. _______? So not only do we have this system that has a body, it has a metabolism, it can use energy, it moves around. It can _____ its _____ environment and actually find resources in the ___________ to sustain itself.

Solution

  1. important
  2. local
  3. systems
  4. sense
  5. system
  6. movement
  7. waves
  8. alright
  9. environment

Original Text

As we heard earlier, movement is very important in these kinds of living systems. It is moving around, exploring its environment, and remodeling its environment, as you see, by these chemical waves that are forming by the protocell. So it's acting, in a sense, like a living system trying to preserve itself. We take this same moving protocell here, and we put it in another experiment, get it moving. Then I'm going to add some food to the system, and you'll see that in blue here, right? So I add some food source to the system. The protocell moves. It encounters the food. It reconfigures itself and actually then is able to climb to the highest concentration of food in that system and stop there. Alright? So not only do we have this system that has a body, it has a metabolism, it can use energy, it moves around. It can sense its local environment and actually find resources in the environment to sustain itself.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
living systems 10
artificial life 3
oil droplet 3
protocell ab 3
building blocks 2
chemical metabolism 2
protocell starts 2
lifelike behavior 2
simple system 2
diverse mixture 2
chemical bonds 2
break chemical 2
pure chemicals 2
lifelike properties 2
primordial ooze 2
black tar 2

Important Words

  1. acting
  2. add
  3. alright
  4. blue
  5. body
  6. chemical
  7. climb
  8. concentration
  9. earlier
  10. encounters
  11. energy
  12. environment
  13. experiment
  14. exploring
  15. find
  16. food
  17. forming
  18. heard
  19. highest
  20. important
  21. kinds
  22. living
  23. local
  24. metabolism
  25. movement
  26. moves
  27. moving
  28. preserve
  29. protocell
  30. put
  31. reconfigures
  32. remodeling
  33. resources
  34. sense
  35. source
  36. stop
  37. sustain
  38. system
  39. systems
  40. waves