full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Patricia Kuhl: The linguistic genius of babies

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So we asked ourselves, can the babies take ssiticatts on a bnard new language? And we tested this by exsonpig American babies who'd never heard a second language to Mandarin for the first time during the critical period. We knew that, when monolinguals were tested in Taipei and Seattle on the Mandarin sounds, they showed the same pattern. Six to eight months, they're totally enivlueqat. Two months later, something ieldbrcine happens. But the Taiwanese babies are getting better, not the American bieabs. What we did was expose American babies, during this period, to Mandarin. It was like having Mandarin rleveaits come and visit for a month and move into your house and talk to the babies for 12 sessions. Here's what it looked like in the laboratory.

Open Cloze

So we asked ourselves, can the babies take __________ on a _____ new language? And we tested this by ________ American babies who'd never heard a second language to Mandarin for the first time during the critical period. We knew that, when monolinguals were tested in Taipei and Seattle on the Mandarin sounds, they showed the same pattern. Six to eight months, they're totally __________. Two months later, something __________ happens. But the Taiwanese babies are getting better, not the American ______. What we did was expose American babies, during this period, to Mandarin. It was like having Mandarin _________ come and visit for a month and move into your house and talk to the babies for 12 sessions. Here's what it looked like in the laboratory.

Solution

  1. brand
  2. equivalent
  3. exposing
  4. babies
  5. incredible
  6. statistics
  7. relatives

Original Text

So we asked ourselves, can the babies take statistics on a brand new language? And we tested this by exposing American babies who'd never heard a second language to Mandarin for the first time during the critical period. We knew that, when monolinguals were tested in Taipei and Seattle on the Mandarin sounds, they showed the same pattern. Six to eight months, they're totally equivalent. Two months later, something incredible happens. But the Taiwanese babies are getting better, not the American babies. What we did was expose American babies, during this period, to Mandarin. It was like having Mandarin relatives come and visit for a month and move into your house and talk to the babies for 12 sessions. Here's what it looked like in the laboratory.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
critical period 5
totally equivalent 2
american babies 2
learning whatsoever 2

Important Words

  1. american
  2. asked
  3. babies
  4. brand
  5. critical
  6. equivalent
  7. expose
  8. exposing
  9. heard
  10. house
  11. incredible
  12. knew
  13. laboratory
  14. language
  15. looked
  16. mandarin
  17. monolinguals
  18. month
  19. months
  20. move
  21. pattern
  22. period
  23. relatives
  24. seattle
  25. sessions
  26. showed
  27. sounds
  28. statistics
  29. taipei
  30. taiwanese
  31. talk
  32. tested
  33. time
  34. totally
  35. visit