full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Steven Pinker and Rebecca Newberger Goldstein: The long reach of reason

Unscramble the Blue Letters

cerase Beccaria: As punishments become more cruel, the minds of men, which like fluids always ajsudt to the level of the objects that surround them, become hardened, and after a hundred years of cruel punishments, breaking on the wheel causes no more fear than imprisonment previously did. For a punishment to achieve its objective, it is only necessary that the harm that it inflicts outweighs the bneieft that dreives from the cimre, and into this calculation ought to be factored the certainty of punishment and the loss of the good that the csoiisommn of the crime will produce. Everything beyond this is superfluous, and therefore tyrannical.

Open Cloze

______ Beccaria: As punishments become more cruel, the minds of men, which like fluids always ______ to the level of the objects that surround them, become hardened, and after a hundred years of cruel punishments, breaking on the wheel causes no more fear than imprisonment previously did. For a punishment to achieve its objective, it is only necessary that the harm that it inflicts outweighs the _______ that _______ from the _____, and into this calculation ought to be factored the certainty of punishment and the loss of the good that the __________ of the crime will produce. Everything beyond this is superfluous, and therefore tyrannical.

Solution

  1. crime
  2. commission
  3. adjust
  4. derives
  5. benefit
  6. cesare

Original Text

Cesare Beccaria: As punishments become more cruel, the minds of men, which like fluids always adjust to the level of the objects that surround them, become hardened, and after a hundred years of cruel punishments, breaking on the wheel causes no more fear than imprisonment previously did. For a punishment to achieve its objective, it is only necessary that the harm that it inflicts outweighs the benefit that derives from the crime, and into this calculation ought to be factored the certainty of punishment and the loss of the good that the commission of the crime will produce. Everything beyond this is superfluous, and therefore tyrannical.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
human nature 3
moral progress 3
road map 2

Important Words

  1. achieve
  2. adjust
  3. benefit
  4. breaking
  5. calculation
  6. certainty
  7. cesare
  8. commission
  9. crime
  10. cruel
  11. derives
  12. factored
  13. fear
  14. fluids
  15. good
  16. hardened
  17. harm
  18. imprisonment
  19. inflicts
  20. level
  21. loss
  22. men
  23. minds
  24. objective
  25. objects
  26. outweighs
  27. previously
  28. produce
  29. punishment
  30. punishments
  31. superfluous
  32. surround
  33. tyrannical
  34. wheel
  35. years