full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Claire Simeone: The lovable (and lethal) sea lion

Unscramble the Blue Letters

To find their favorite food, sea lions hunt much deeper than many of their semi-aquatic peers. With some species dinvig to depths of nearly 400 meters, they’re able to cope with the mounting purserse by collapsing their pliable rib cage, and compressing a pair of spgriny lungs. This pushes air up through the smaller airways, collapsing rings of cartilage as oxygen travels out from the lgnus, to be held in the larger, upepr aiwarys. Upon surfacing, this air will be used to re-inflate the lungs, but for now their heart slows down to preserve oxygen. Blood flow is redirected towards only the most essential organs like the heart, lungs, and brain, which rely on reserve oyxegn stored in bolod and muscle.

Open Cloze

To find their favorite food, sea lions hunt much deeper than many of their semi-aquatic peers. With some species ______ to depths of nearly 400 meters, they’re able to cope with the mounting ________ by collapsing their pliable rib cage, and compressing a pair of _______ lungs. This pushes air up through the smaller airways, collapsing rings of cartilage as oxygen travels out from the _____, to be held in the larger, _____ _______. Upon surfacing, this air will be used to re-inflate the lungs, but for now their heart slows down to preserve oxygen. Blood flow is redirected towards only the most essential organs like the heart, lungs, and brain, which rely on reserve ______ stored in _____ and muscle.

Solution

  1. pressure
  2. lungs
  3. blood
  4. airways
  5. upper
  6. diving
  7. springy
  8. oxygen

Original Text

To find their favorite food, sea lions hunt much deeper than many of their semi-aquatic peers. With some species diving to depths of nearly 400 meters, they’re able to cope with the mounting pressure by collapsing their pliable rib cage, and compressing a pair of springy lungs. This pushes air up through the smaller airways, collapsing rings of cartilage as oxygen travels out from the lungs, to be held in the larger, upper airways. Upon surfacing, this air will be used to re-inflate the lungs, but for now their heart slows down to preserve oxygen. Blood flow is redirected towards only the most essential organs like the heart, lungs, and brain, which rely on reserve oxygen stored in blood and muscle.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
sea lions 11
changing ocean 2

Important Words

  1. air
  2. airways
  3. blood
  4. brain
  5. cage
  6. cartilage
  7. collapsing
  8. compressing
  9. cope
  10. deeper
  11. depths
  12. diving
  13. essential
  14. favorite
  15. find
  16. flow
  17. food
  18. heart
  19. held
  20. hunt
  21. larger
  22. lions
  23. lungs
  24. meters
  25. mounting
  26. muscle
  27. organs
  28. oxygen
  29. pair
  30. peers
  31. pliable
  32. preserve
  33. pressure
  34. pushes
  35. redirected
  36. rely
  37. reserve
  38. rib
  39. rings
  40. sea
  41. slows
  42. smaller
  43. species
  44. springy
  45. stored
  46. surfacing
  47. travels
  48. upper