full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Heidi Hammel and Nadia Drake: The marvels and mysteries revealed by the James Webb Space Telescope

Unscramble the Blue Letters

HH: The question is, could life form in that water? And it gets back to what are the iintdeerngs you need for life? You need water, but you also need some kind of an energy source. You need some kind of a surface on which life can do its chemical thing to form. I'm not an astrobiologist, so I don't know what the right lngio is, but you need to have a surface for stuff to happen. And does Europa have those things? Well, it doesn't have them on its surface. Its surface is just ice. But we know from our various fyybls of this -- we were able to map out its structure, its internal srrtctuue, by looking at the mtaegnic field and how it ieacttrns with it, by looking at gravitational deflection -- we know that it probably has a solid core, and we also know that Europa is warm.

Open Cloze

HH: The question is, could life form in that water? And it gets back to what are the ___________ you need for life? You need water, but you also need some kind of an energy source. You need some kind of a surface on which life can do its chemical thing to form. I'm not an astrobiologist, so I don't know what the right _____ is, but you need to have a surface for stuff to happen. And does Europa have those things? Well, it doesn't have them on its surface. Its surface is just ice. But we know from our various ______ of this -- we were able to map out its structure, its internal _________, by looking at the ________ field and how it _________ with it, by looking at gravitational deflection -- we know that it probably has a solid core, and we also know that Europa is warm.

Solution

  1. ingredients
  2. flybys
  3. lingo
  4. structure
  5. interacts
  6. magnetic

Original Text

HH: The question is, could life form in that water? And it gets back to what are the ingredients you need for life? You need water, but you also need some kind of an energy source. You need some kind of a surface on which life can do its chemical thing to form. I'm not an astrobiologist, so I don't know what the right lingo is, but you need to have a surface for stuff to happen. And does Europa have those things? Well, it doesn't have them on its surface. Its surface is just ice. But we know from our various flybys of this -- we were able to map out its structure, its internal structure, by looking at the magnetic field and how it interacts with it, by looking at gravitational deflection -- we know that it probably has a solid core, and we also know that Europa is warm.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
space telescope 7
james webb 7
webb space 7
solar system 5
liquid water 4
host star 3
earth orbit 2
deep field 2
fine guidance 2
guidance sensor 2
orion nebula 2
giant planets 2
million times 2
scattered light 2
alien life 2
jupiter system 2
energy source 2
favorite moon 2
kuiper belt 2
chemistry teacher 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
james webb space 7
webb space telescope 5
fine guidance sensor 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
james webb space telescope 5

Important Words

  1. astrobiologist
  2. chemical
  3. core
  4. deflection
  5. energy
  6. europa
  7. field
  8. flybys
  9. form
  10. gravitational
  11. happen
  12. ice
  13. ingredients
  14. interacts
  15. internal
  16. kind
  17. life
  18. lingo
  19. magnetic
  20. map
  21. question
  22. solid
  23. source
  24. structure
  25. stuff
  26. surface
  27. warm
  28. water