full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Jim Simons: The mathematician who cracked Wall Street

Unscramble the Blue Letters

JS: Well, it did, but I'll say about that work — it did have something to do with that, but before we get to that — that work was good mathematics. I was very hppay with it; so was Chern. It even started a little sub-field that's now flourishing. But, more interestingly, it happened to apply to physics, something we knew nothing about — at least I knew nothing about physics, and I don't think Chern knew a heck of a lot. And about 10 years after the paper came out, a guy named Ed wetitn in porctnein started applying it to string theory and people in Russia stterad aplpnyig it to what's called "condensed matter." Today, those things in there called Chern-Simons itvnanairs have spread through a lot of physics. And it was amazing. We didn't know any physics. It never occurred to me that it would be applied to physics. But that's the thing about mhaitcmaets — you never know where it's going to go.

Open Cloze

JS: Well, it did, but I'll say about that work — it did have something to do with that, but before we get to that — that work was good mathematics. I was very _____ with it; so was Chern. It even started a little sub-field that's now flourishing. But, more interestingly, it happened to apply to physics, something we knew nothing about — at least I knew nothing about physics, and I don't think Chern knew a heck of a lot. And about 10 years after the paper came out, a guy named Ed ______ in _________ started applying it to string theory and people in Russia _______ ________ it to what's called "condensed matter." Today, those things in there called Chern-Simons __________ have spread through a lot of physics. And it was amazing. We didn't know any physics. It never occurred to me that it would be applied to physics. But that's the thing about ___________ — you never know where it's going to go.

Solution

  1. started
  2. invariants
  3. witten
  4. happy
  5. applying
  6. mathematics
  7. princeton

Original Text

JS: Well, it did, but I'll say about that work — it did have something to do with that, but before we get to that — that work was good mathematics. I was very happy with it; so was Chern. It even started a little sub-field that's now flourishing. But, more interestingly, it happened to apply to physics, something we knew nothing about — at least I knew nothing about physics, and I don't think Chern knew a heck of a lot. And about 10 years after the paper came out, a guy named Ed Witten in Princeton started applying it to string theory and people in Russia started applying it to what's called "condensed matter." Today, those things in there called Chern-Simons invariants have spread through a lot of physics. And it was amazing. We didn't know any physics. It never occurred to me that it would be applied to physics. But that's the thing about mathematics — you never know where it's going to go.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hedge fund 5
hedge funds 4
fund industry 3
started applying 2
amazing mind 2
financial industry 2
efficient market 2
pure luck 2
machine learning 2
science teachers 2
public schools 2
building blocks 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
hedge fund industry 3

Important Words

  1. amazing
  2. applied
  3. apply
  4. applying
  5. called
  6. chern
  7. ed
  8. flourishing
  9. good
  10. guy
  11. happened
  12. happy
  13. heck
  14. interestingly
  15. invariants
  16. knew
  17. lot
  18. mathematics
  19. matter
  20. named
  21. occurred
  22. paper
  23. people
  24. physics
  25. princeton
  26. russia
  27. spread
  28. started
  29. string
  30. theory
  31. today
  32. witten
  33. work
  34. years