full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Joshua W. Pate: The mysterious science of pain

Unscramble the Blue Letters

We’re only beginning to uncover the mechanisms behind the experience of pain, but there are some psinmiorg areas of research. Until recently, we thought the glial cells surrounding neurons were just soupprt structures, but now we know they have a huge role in influencing nociception. Studies have shown that disabling certain brain circuits in the amayglda can eliminate pain in rats. And getenic testing in people with rare dsredrois that pervent them from feeling pain have pinpointed several other possible targets for drugs and perhaps eventually gene therapy.

Open Cloze

We’re only beginning to uncover the mechanisms behind the experience of pain, but there are some _________ areas of research. Until recently, we thought the glial cells surrounding neurons were just _______ structures, but now we know they have a huge role in influencing nociception. Studies have shown that disabling certain brain circuits in the ________ can eliminate pain in rats. And _______ testing in people with rare _________ that _______ them from feeling pain have pinpointed several other possible targets for drugs and perhaps eventually gene therapy.

Solution

  1. amygdala
  2. genetic
  3. support
  4. disorders
  5. prevent
  6. promising

Original Text

We’re only beginning to uncover the mechanisms behind the experience of pain, but there are some promising areas of research. Until recently, we thought the glial cells surrounding neurons were just support structures, but now we know they have a huge role in influencing nociception. Studies have shown that disabling certain brain circuits in the amygdala can eliminate pain in rats. And genetic testing in people with rare disorders that prevent them from feeling pain have pinpointed several other possible targets for drugs and perhaps eventually gene therapy.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
electrical signals 2
nerve fibers 2
influencing nociception 2

Important Words

  1. amygdala
  2. areas
  3. beginning
  4. brain
  5. cells
  6. circuits
  7. disabling
  8. disorders
  9. drugs
  10. eliminate
  11. eventually
  12. experience
  13. feeling
  14. gene
  15. genetic
  16. glial
  17. huge
  18. influencing
  19. mechanisms
  20. neurons
  21. nociception
  22. pain
  23. people
  24. pinpointed
  25. prevent
  26. promising
  27. rare
  28. rats
  29. research
  30. role
  31. shown
  32. structures
  33. studies
  34. support
  35. surrounding
  36. targets
  37. testing
  38. therapy
  39. thought
  40. uncover