full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Vilayanur Ramachandran: The neurons that shaped civilization

Unscramble the Blue Letters

This is the baiss. The imitation of cepmlox skills is what we call clurute and is the basis of civilization. Now there is another kind of mrorir neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror nrenuos for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the srseony region of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I simply watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

Open Cloze

This is the _____. The imitation of _______ skills is what we call _______ and is the basis of civilization. Now there is another kind of ______ neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror _______ for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the _______ region of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I simply watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

Solution

  1. mirror
  2. culture
  3. complex
  4. sensory
  5. basis
  6. neurons

Original Text

This is the basis. The imitation of complex skills is what we call culture and is the basis of civilization. Now there is another kind of mirror neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror neurons for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the sensory region of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I simply watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
human beings 4
motor command 3
mirror neurons 3
mirror neuron 3
literally feel 3
human brain 2
nerve cells 2
command neurons 2
sudden emergence 2
simply watch 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
motor command neurons 2

Important Words

  1. action
  2. basis
  3. brain
  4. call
  5. cases
  6. civilization
  7. complex
  8. cortex
  9. culture
  10. empathizing
  11. fire
  12. fires
  13. hand
  14. imitation
  15. involved
  16. kind
  17. mirror
  18. neuron
  19. neurons
  20. person
  21. region
  22. sensory
  23. simply
  24. skills
  25. somatosensory
  26. touch
  27. touched
  28. touches
  29. watch
  30. words