full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Vilayanur Ramachandran: The neurons that shaped civilization"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

This is the basis. The imitation of complex slikls is what we call curtlue and is the baiss of civilization. Now there is another kind of mirror neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror neurons for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the sensory roigen of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I smlipy watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

Open Cloze

This is the basis. The imitation of complex ______ is what we call _______ and is the _____ of civilization. Now there is another kind of mirror neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror neurons for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the sensory ______ of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I ______ watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

Solution

  1. culture
  2. simply
  3. basis
  4. region
  5. skills

Original Text

This is the basis. The imitation of complex skills is what we call culture and is the basis of civilization. Now there is another kind of mirror neuron, which is involved in something quite different. And that is, there are mirror neurons, just as there are mirror neurons for action, there are mirror neurons for touch. In other words, if somebody touches me, my hand, neuron in the somatosensory cortex in the sensory region of the brain fires. But the same neuron, in some cases, will fire when I simply watch another person being touched. So, it's empathizing the other person being touched.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
human beings 8
mirror neurons 6
mirror neuron 4
human brain 3
motor command 3
polar bear 3
literally feel 3

Important Words

  1. action
  2. basis
  3. brain
  4. call
  5. cases
  6. civilization
  7. complex
  8. cortex
  9. culture
  10. empathizing
  11. fire
  12. fires
  13. hand
  14. imitation
  15. involved
  16. kind
  17. mirror
  18. neuron
  19. neurons
  20. person
  21. region
  22. sensory
  23. simply
  24. skills
  25. somatosensory
  26. touch
  27. touched
  28. touches
  29. watch
  30. words