full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Vilayanur Ramachandran: The neurons that shaped civilization"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

And this is not mumbo-jumbo philosophy. It emerges from our understanding of basic nriceenoucse. So, you have a patient with a phantom limb. If the arm has been removed and you have a phantom, and you wtcah somebody else being touched, you feel it in your phantom. Now the astonishing thing is, if you have pain in your phantom limb, you squeeze the other person's hand, massage the other person's hand, that rleeeivs the pain in your phantom hand, almost as though the neuron were obtaining relief from merely whctaing somebody else being mseaasgd.

Open Cloze

And this is not mumbo-jumbo philosophy. It emerges from our understanding of basic ____________. So, you have a patient with a phantom limb. If the arm has been removed and you have a phantom, and you _____ somebody else being touched, you feel it in your phantom. Now the astonishing thing is, if you have pain in your phantom limb, you squeeze the other person's hand, massage the other person's hand, that ________ the pain in your phantom hand, almost as though the neuron were obtaining relief from merely ________ somebody else being ________.

Solution

  1. watch
  2. watching
  3. massaged
  4. relieves
  5. neuroscience

Original Text

And this is not mumbo-jumbo philosophy. It emerges from our understanding of basic neuroscience. So, you have a patient with a phantom limb. If the arm has been removed and you have a phantom, and you watch somebody else being touched, you feel it in your phantom. Now the astonishing thing is, if you have pain in your phantom limb, you squeeze the other person's hand, massage the other person's hand, that relieves the pain in your phantom hand, almost as though the neuron were obtaining relief from merely watching somebody else being massaged.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
human beings 8
mirror neurons 6
mirror neuron 4
polar bear 3
human brain 3
literally feel 3
motor command 3

Important Words

  1. arm
  2. astonishing
  3. basic
  4. emerges
  5. feel
  6. hand
  7. limb
  8. massage
  9. massaged
  10. neuron
  11. neuroscience
  12. obtaining
  13. pain
  14. patient
  15. phantom
  16. philosophy
  17. relief
  18. relieves
  19. removed
  20. squeeze
  21. touched
  22. understanding
  23. watch
  24. watching