full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Jonathan Foley: The other inconvenient truth

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, having this conversation has been really hard, and we've been trying very hard to bring these key points to people to rudcee the controversy, to increase the collaboration. I want to show you a short video that does kind of show our efforts right now to bring these sdies together into a single conversation. So let me show you that. (Music) ("Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota: Driven to Discover") (msuic) ("The world population is growing by 75 million people each year. That's almost the size of Germany. Today, we're nieanrg 7 billion people. At this rate, we'll reach 9 biloiln people by 2040. And we all need food. But how? How do we feed a growing world without destroying the planet? We already know climate change is a big problem. But it's not the only problem. We need to face 'the other invnceenniot truth.' A global crisis in agriculture. pouplotian growth + meat consumption + dairy consumption + eregny costs + bioenergy puroidtcon = stress on natural resources. More than 40% of Earth's land has been cleared for agriculture. Global croplands ceovr 16 million km². That's almost the size of South America. Global pastures cover 30 million km². That's the size of Africa. Agriculture uses 60 times more land than urban and sauubrbn areas combined. Irrigation is the biggest use of water on the planet. We use 2,800 cuibc kilometers of water on cpros every year. That's enough to fill 7,305 Empire satte Buildings every day. Today, many large rivers have reduced flows. Some dry up altogether. Look at the Aral Sea, now turned to desert. Or the Colorado rvier, which no longer flows to the ocean. Fertilizers have more than doubled the phosphorus and nitrogen in the environment. The consequence? wiraedpsed water plulotion and misavse degradation of laeks and rivers. Surprisingly, agriculture is the biggest cbttuooinrr to climate change. It generates 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. That's more than the emissions from all electricity and industry, or from all the world's planes, trains and automobiles. Most actuairlurgl emissions come from tropical dtsiaftreeoon, methane from animals and rice fields, and nitrous oxide from over-fertilizing. There is nothing we do that transforms the world more than aucgitrurle. And there's nothing we do that is more cauircl to our survival. Here's the dilemma... As the world gwors by several billion more people, We'll need to double, maybe even tplire, glabol food production. So where do we go from here? We need a bigger conversation, an international dliagoue. We need to invest in real solutions: incentives for farmers, piresicon agriculture, new crop varieties, drip irrigation, gray water recycling, better tillage practices, smarter diets. We need everyone at the table. Advocates of commercial agriculture, environmental conservation, and ogarnic farming... must work together. There is no single solution. We need collaboration, imagination, determination, because failure is not an option. How do we feed the world without destroying it? Yeah, so we face one of the greatest grand challenges in all of human hoitrsy today: the need to feed nine billion people and do so sustainably and equitably and justly, at the same time protecting our planet for this and future generations. This is going to be one of the hardest things we ever have done in haumn history, and we alsboteuly have to get it right, and we have to get it right on our first and only try. So thanks very much. (Applause)

Open Cloze

Now, having this conversation has been really hard, and we've been trying very hard to bring these key points to people to ______ the controversy, to increase the collaboration. I want to show you a short video that does kind of show our efforts right now to bring these _____ together into a single conversation. So let me show you that. (Music) ("Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota: Driven to Discover") (_____) ("The world population is growing by 75 million people each year. That's almost the size of Germany. Today, we're _______ 7 billion people. At this rate, we'll reach 9 _______ people by 2040. And we all need food. But how? How do we feed a growing world without destroying the planet? We already know climate change is a big problem. But it's not the only problem. We need to face 'the other ____________ truth.' A global crisis in agriculture. __________ growth + meat consumption + dairy consumption + ______ costs + bioenergy __________ = stress on natural resources. More than 40% of Earth's land has been cleared for agriculture. Global croplands _____ 16 million km². That's almost the size of South America. Global pastures cover 30 million km². That's the size of Africa. Agriculture uses 60 times more land than urban and ________ areas combined. Irrigation is the biggest use of water on the planet. We use 2,800 _____ kilometers of water on _____ every year. That's enough to fill 7,305 Empire _____ Buildings every day. Today, many large rivers have reduced flows. Some dry up altogether. Look at the Aral Sea, now turned to desert. Or the Colorado _____, which no longer flows to the ocean. Fertilizers have more than doubled the phosphorus and nitrogen in the environment. The consequence? __________ water _________ and _______ degradation of _____ and rivers. Surprisingly, agriculture is the biggest ___________ to climate change. It generates 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. That's more than the emissions from all electricity and industry, or from all the world's planes, trains and automobiles. Most ____________ emissions come from tropical _____________, methane from animals and rice fields, and nitrous oxide from over-fertilizing. There is nothing we do that transforms the world more than ___________. And there's nothing we do that is more _______ to our survival. Here's the dilemma... As the world _____ by several billion more people, We'll need to double, maybe even ______, ______ food production. So where do we go from here? We need a bigger conversation, an international ________. We need to invest in real solutions: incentives for farmers, _________ agriculture, new crop varieties, drip irrigation, gray water recycling, better tillage practices, smarter diets. We need everyone at the table. Advocates of commercial agriculture, environmental conservation, and _______ farming... must work together. There is no single solution. We need collaboration, imagination, determination, because failure is not an option. How do we feed the world without destroying it? Yeah, so we face one of the greatest grand challenges in all of human _______ today: the need to feed nine billion people and do so sustainably and equitably and justly, at the same time protecting our planet for this and future generations. This is going to be one of the hardest things we ever have done in _____ history, and we __________ have to get it right, and we have to get it right on our first and only try. So thanks very much. (Applause)

Solution

  1. billion
  2. history
  3. widespread
  4. cubic
  5. river
  6. agriculture
  7. absolutely
  8. production
  9. inconvenient
  10. contributor
  11. suburban
  12. reduce
  13. population
  14. grows
  15. nearing
  16. global
  17. deforestation
  18. massive
  19. energy
  20. cover
  21. precision
  22. crops
  23. human
  24. dialogue
  25. crucial
  26. sides
  27. pollution
  28. agricultural
  29. organic
  30. lakes
  31. triple
  32. state
  33. music

Original Text

Now, having this conversation has been really hard, and we've been trying very hard to bring these key points to people to reduce the controversy, to increase the collaboration. I want to show you a short video that does kind of show our efforts right now to bring these sides together into a single conversation. So let me show you that. (Music) ("Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota: Driven to Discover") (Music) ("The world population is growing by 75 million people each year. That's almost the size of Germany. Today, we're nearing 7 billion people. At this rate, we'll reach 9 billion people by 2040. And we all need food. But how? How do we feed a growing world without destroying the planet? We already know climate change is a big problem. But it's not the only problem. We need to face 'the other inconvenient truth.' A global crisis in agriculture. Population growth + meat consumption + dairy consumption + energy costs + bioenergy production = stress on natural resources. More than 40% of Earth's land has been cleared for agriculture. Global croplands cover 16 million km². That's almost the size of South America. Global pastures cover 30 million km². That's the size of Africa. Agriculture uses 60 times more land than urban and suburban areas combined. Irrigation is the biggest use of water on the planet. We use 2,800 cubic kilometers of water on crops every year. That's enough to fill 7,305 Empire State Buildings every day. Today, many large rivers have reduced flows. Some dry up altogether. Look at the Aral Sea, now turned to desert. Or the Colorado River, which no longer flows to the ocean. Fertilizers have more than doubled the phosphorus and nitrogen in the environment. The consequence? Widespread water pollution and massive degradation of lakes and rivers. Surprisingly, agriculture is the biggest contributor to climate change. It generates 30% of greenhouse gas emissions. That's more than the emissions from all electricity and industry, or from all the world's planes, trains and automobiles. Most agricultural emissions come from tropical deforestation, methane from animals and rice fields, and nitrous oxide from over-fertilizing. There is nothing we do that transforms the world more than agriculture. And there's nothing we do that is more crucial to our survival. Here's the dilemma... As the world grows by several billion more people, We'll need to double, maybe even triple, global food production. So where do we go from here? We need a bigger conversation, an international dialogue. We need to invest in real solutions: incentives for farmers, precision agriculture, new crop varieties, drip irrigation, gray water recycling, better tillage practices, smarter diets. We need everyone at the table. Advocates of commercial agriculture, environmental conservation, and organic farming... must work together. There is no single solution. We need collaboration, imagination, determination, because failure is not an option. How do we feed the world without destroying it? Yeah, so we face one of the greatest grand challenges in all of human history today: the need to feed nine billion people and do so sustainably and equitably and justly, at the same time protecting our planet for this and future generations. This is going to be one of the hardest things we ever have done in human history, and we absolutely have to get it right, and we have to get it right on our first and only try. So thanks very much. (Applause)

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
aral sea 5
soviet union 5
climate change 5
billion people 5
greenhouse gases 3
fishing fleets 2
thin white 2
growing food 2
green areas 2
million square 2
south america 2
grow food 2
north america 2
longer flows 2
nitrous oxide 2
human activity 2
greenhouse gas 2
gas emissions 2
silver buckshot 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
greenhouse gas emissions 2

Important Words

  1. absolutely
  2. advocates
  3. africa
  4. agricultural
  5. agriculture
  6. altogether
  7. america
  8. animals
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  10. aral
  11. areas
  12. automobiles
  13. big
  14. bigger
  15. biggest
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  17. bioenergy
  18. bring
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  20. challenges
  21. change
  22. cleared
  23. climate
  24. collaboration
  25. colorado
  26. combined
  27. commercial
  28. consequence
  29. conservation
  30. consumption
  31. contributor
  32. controversy
  33. conversation
  34. costs
  35. cover
  36. crisis
  37. crop
  38. croplands
  39. crops
  40. crucial
  41. cubic
  42. dairy
  43. day
  44. deforestation
  45. degradation
  46. desert
  47. destroying
  48. determination
  49. dialogue
  50. diets
  51. dilemma
  52. double
  53. doubled
  54. drip
  55. driven
  56. dry
  57. efforts
  58. electricity
  59. emissions
  60. empire
  61. energy
  62. environment
  63. environmental
  64. equitably
  65. face
  66. failure
  67. farmers
  68. farming
  69. feed
  70. fertilizers
  71. fields
  72. fill
  73. flows
  74. food
  75. future
  76. gas
  77. generates
  78. generations
  79. germany
  80. global
  81. grand
  82. gray
  83. greatest
  84. greenhouse
  85. growing
  86. grows
  87. growth
  88. hard
  89. hardest
  90. history
  91. human
  92. imagination
  93. incentives
  94. inconvenient
  95. increase
  96. industry
  97. international
  98. invest
  99. irrigation
  100. justly
  101. key
  102. kilometers
  103. kind
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  105. land
  106. large
  107. longer
  108. massive
  109. meat
  110. methane
  111. million
  112. music
  113. natural
  114. nearing
  115. nitrogen
  116. nitrous
  117. ocean
  118. option
  119. organic
  120. oxide
  121. pastures
  122. people
  123. phosphorus
  124. planes
  125. planet
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  128. population
  129. practices
  130. precision
  131. problem
  132. production
  133. protecting
  134. rate
  135. reach
  136. real
  137. recycling
  138. reduce
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  140. resources
  141. rice
  142. river
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  144. sea
  145. short
  146. show
  147. sides
  148. single
  149. size
  150. smarter
  151. solution
  152. south
  153. state
  154. stress
  155. suburban
  156. surprisingly
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  158. sustainably
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  160. tillage
  161. time
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  178. yeah
  179. year