full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Grégoire Courtine: The paralyzed rat that walked

Unscramble the Blue Letters

These words, they stuck with me. This was more than 10 years ago, but ever since, my laboratory has followed the praigmtac approach to recovery after sianpl cord injury. And my first step in this direction was to develop a new model of spinal cord injury that would more cllseoy mimic some of the key fruteaes of human injury while onifrfeg well-controlled experimental conditions. And for this purpose, we placed two hemisections on opposite sides of the body. They completely itnpurert the communication between the brain and the spinal cord, thus leading to complete and permanent paralysis of the leg. But, as observed, after most injuries in humans, there is this intervening gap of intact naurel tissue through which recovery can occur. But how to make it happen?

Open Cloze

These words, they stuck with me. This was more than 10 years ago, but ever since, my laboratory has followed the _________ approach to recovery after ______ cord injury. And my first step in this direction was to develop a new model of spinal cord injury that would more _______ mimic some of the key ________ of human injury while ________ well-controlled experimental conditions. And for this purpose, we placed two hemisections on opposite sides of the body. They completely _________ the communication between the brain and the spinal cord, thus leading to complete and permanent paralysis of the leg. But, as observed, after most injuries in humans, there is this intervening gap of intact ______ tissue through which recovery can occur. But how to make it happen?

Solution

  1. closely
  2. features
  3. pragmatic
  4. neural
  5. spinal
  6. offering
  7. interrupt

Original Text

These words, they stuck with me. This was more than 10 years ago, but ever since, my laboratory has followed the pragmatic approach to recovery after spinal cord injury. And my first step in this direction was to develop a new model of spinal cord injury that would more closely mimic some of the key features of human injury while offering well-controlled experimental conditions. And for this purpose, we placed two hemisections on opposite sides of the body. They completely interrupt the communication between the brain and the spinal cord, thus leading to complete and permanent paralysis of the leg. But, as observed, after most injuries in humans, there is this intervening gap of intact neural tissue through which recovery can occur. But how to make it happen?

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
spinal cord 17
cord injury 3
electrochemical neuroprosthesis 3
injured people 2
permanent paralysis 2
highly functional 2
functional state 2
paralyzed rat 2
locomotor networks 2
fibers coming 2
central nervous 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
spinal cord injury 3
highly functional state 2

Important Words

  1. approach
  2. body
  3. brain
  4. closely
  5. communication
  6. complete
  7. completely
  8. conditions
  9. cord
  10. develop
  11. direction
  12. experimental
  13. features
  14. gap
  15. happen
  16. hemisections
  17. human
  18. humans
  19. injuries
  20. injury
  21. intact
  22. interrupt
  23. intervening
  24. key
  25. laboratory
  26. leading
  27. leg
  28. mimic
  29. model
  30. neural
  31. observed
  32. occur
  33. offering
  34. paralysis
  35. permanent
  36. pragmatic
  37. purpose
  38. recovery
  39. sides
  40. spinal
  41. step
  42. stuck
  43. tissue
  44. words
  45. years