full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Grégoire Courtine: The paralyzed rat that walked"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But the remaining question was, how? I mean, how is it possible? And here, what we found was cpltoelemy unexpected. This novel training paradigm encouraged the brain to create new connections, some relay circuits that raely information from the brain past the injury and roetrse cortical control over the locomotor networks below the injury. And here, you can see one such example, where we label the fierbs coming from the bairn in red. This blue neuron is cenetcond with the locomotor center, and what this constellation of synaptic contacts means is that the brain is reconnected with the locmtooor center with only one relay neuron. But the remodeling was not restricted to the lesion area. It occurred throughout the central nervous system, ilnnucdig in the brain stem, where we observed up to 300-percent increase in the dientsy of fibers coming from the brain. We did not aim to repair the spinal cord, yet we were able to pmoorte one of the more extensive rnmieeldog of axonal projections ever observed in the central nervous system of adult mammal after an injury.

Open Cloze

But the remaining question was, how? I mean, how is it possible? And here, what we found was __________ unexpected. This novel training paradigm encouraged the brain to create new connections, some relay circuits that _____ information from the brain past the injury and _______ cortical control over the locomotor networks below the injury. And here, you can see one such example, where we label the ______ coming from the _____ in red. This blue neuron is _________ with the locomotor center, and what this constellation of synaptic contacts means is that the brain is reconnected with the _________ center with only one relay neuron. But the remodeling was not restricted to the lesion area. It occurred throughout the central nervous system, _________ in the brain stem, where we observed up to 300-percent increase in the _______ of fibers coming from the brain. We did not aim to repair the spinal cord, yet we were able to _______ one of the more extensive __________ of axonal projections ever observed in the central nervous system of adult mammal after an injury.

Solution

  1. remodeling
  2. connected
  3. density
  4. relay
  5. restore
  6. locomotor
  7. completely
  8. fibers
  9. including
  10. brain
  11. promote

Original Text

But the remaining question was, how? I mean, how is it possible? And here, what we found was completely unexpected. This novel training paradigm encouraged the brain to create new connections, some relay circuits that relay information from the brain past the injury and restore cortical control over the locomotor networks below the injury. And here, you can see one such example, where we label the fibers coming from the brain in red. This blue neuron is connected with the locomotor center, and what this constellation of synaptic contacts means is that the brain is reconnected with the locomotor center with only one relay neuron. But the remodeling was not restricted to the lesion area. It occurred throughout the central nervous system, including in the brain stem, where we observed up to 300-percent increase in the density of fibers coming from the brain. We did not aim to repair the spinal cord, yet we were able to promote one of the more extensive remodeling of axonal projections ever observed in the central nervous system of adult mammal after an injury.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
spinal cord 21
cord injury 5
injured people 3
electrochemical neuroprosthesis 3
leg movement 3
nervous system 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
spinal cord injury 5

Important Words

  1. adult
  2. aim
  3. area
  4. axonal
  5. blue
  6. brain
  7. center
  8. central
  9. circuits
  10. coming
  11. completely
  12. connected
  13. connections
  14. constellation
  15. contacts
  16. control
  17. cord
  18. cortical
  19. create
  20. density
  21. encouraged
  22. extensive
  23. fibers
  24. including
  25. increase
  26. information
  27. injury
  28. label
  29. lesion
  30. locomotor
  31. mammal
  32. means
  33. nervous
  34. networks
  35. neuron
  36. observed
  37. occurred
  38. paradigm
  39. projections
  40. promote
  41. question
  42. reconnected
  43. red
  44. relay
  45. remaining
  46. remodeling
  47. repair
  48. restore
  49. restricted
  50. spinal
  51. stem
  52. synaptic
  53. system
  54. training
  55. unexpected