full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Michael Shermer: The pattern behind self-deception

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Brugger and his colleague, cstihirne Mohr, gave subjects L-DOPA. L-DOPA's a drug, as you know, given for treating Parkinson's disease, which is related to a decrease in dopamine. L-DOPA increases dopamine. An increase of dopamine caused sjuctebs to see more patterns than those that did not receive the dopamine. So dopamine appears to be the drug associated with patternicity. In fact, neuroleptic drugs that are used to eliminate pctisyohc behavior, things like pranioaa, delusions and hallucinations, these are patternicities. They're incorrect patterns. They're false positives. They're Type I erorrs. And if you give them drugs that are dopamine ansngtatois, they go away. That is, you decrease the amount of dopamine, and their tendency to see patterns like that decreases. On the other hand, amphetamines like canicoe are dimnopae aiognsts. They iseacnre the amount of dopamine. So you're more likely to feel in a euphoric state, creativity, find more patterns.

Open Cloze

Brugger and his colleague, _________ Mohr, gave subjects L-DOPA. L-DOPA's a drug, as you know, given for treating Parkinson's disease, which is related to a decrease in dopamine. L-DOPA increases dopamine. An increase of dopamine caused ________ to see more patterns than those that did not receive the dopamine. So dopamine appears to be the drug associated with patternicity. In fact, neuroleptic drugs that are used to eliminate _________ behavior, things like ________, delusions and hallucinations, these are patternicities. They're incorrect patterns. They're false positives. They're Type I ______. And if you give them drugs that are dopamine ___________, they go away. That is, you decrease the amount of dopamine, and their tendency to see patterns like that decreases. On the other hand, amphetamines like _______ are ________ ________. They ________ the amount of dopamine. So you're more likely to feel in a euphoric state, creativity, find more patterns.

Solution

  1. cocaine
  2. christine
  3. paranoia
  4. antagonists
  5. agonists
  6. subjects
  7. increase
  8. psychotic
  9. errors
  10. dopamine

Original Text

Brugger and his colleague, Christine Mohr, gave subjects L-DOPA. L-DOPA's a drug, as you know, given for treating Parkinson's disease, which is related to a decrease in dopamine. L-DOPA increases dopamine. An increase of dopamine caused subjects to see more patterns than those that did not receive the dopamine. So dopamine appears to be the drug associated with patternicity. In fact, neuroleptic drugs that are used to eliminate psychotic behavior, things like paranoia, delusions and hallucinations, these are patternicities. They're incorrect patterns. They're false positives. They're Type I errors. And if you give them drugs that are dopamine antagonists, they go away. That is, you decrease the amount of dopamine, and their tendency to see patterns like that decreases. On the other hand, amphetamines like cocaine are dopamine agonists. They increase the amount of dopamine. So you're more likely to feel in a euphoric state, creativity, find more patterns.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
type ii 4
pattern detection 4
meaningful patterns 3
ii error 3
find meaningful 2
dangerous predator 2
anterior cingulate 2
cingulate cortex 2
planet saturn 2
incorrect patterns 2
left hemisphere 2
impossible crate 2
facial recognition 2
recognition software 2
temporal lobes 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
type ii error 3
find meaningful patterns 2
anterior cingulate cortex 2
facial recognition software 2

Important Words

  1. agonists
  2. amount
  3. amphetamines
  4. antagonists
  5. appears
  6. behavior
  7. brugger
  8. caused
  9. christine
  10. cocaine
  11. colleague
  12. creativity
  13. decrease
  14. decreases
  15. delusions
  16. disease
  17. dopamine
  18. drug
  19. drugs
  20. eliminate
  21. errors
  22. euphoric
  23. fact
  24. false
  25. feel
  26. find
  27. gave
  28. give
  29. hallucinations
  30. hand
  31. incorrect
  32. increase
  33. increases
  34. mohr
  35. neuroleptic
  36. paranoia
  37. patternicities
  38. patternicity
  39. patterns
  40. positives
  41. psychotic
  42. receive
  43. related
  44. state
  45. subjects
  46. tendency
  47. treating
  48. type