full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Mandë Holford: The power of venom -- and how it could one day save your life

Unscramble the Blue Letters

In a screen in which we had cervical, neuroblastoma, prostate and liver caencr cells, we found a compound from a terebrid sianl that seems to attack liver cancer clles, and only liver cancer cells, and none of the others that were tested. And then, when we took this compound and we injected it into mouse models that were expressing liver cancer cells, it significantly iietnhibd the growth of the tumors. We're not quite sure how this wkros yet, we're still investigating the mechanism and how we can make this compound more effective, so you can't rush out to the pharmacy and order up a killer snail liver-cancer therapy treatment. Not yet.

Open Cloze

In a screen in which we had cervical, neuroblastoma, prostate and liver ______ cells, we found a compound from a terebrid _____ that seems to attack liver cancer _____, and only liver cancer cells, and none of the others that were tested. And then, when we took this compound and we injected it into mouse models that were expressing liver cancer cells, it significantly _________ the growth of the tumors. We're not quite sure how this _____ yet, we're still investigating the mechanism and how we can make this compound more effective, so you can't rush out to the pharmacy and order up a killer snail liver-cancer therapy treatment. Not yet.

Solution

  1. inhibited
  2. cells
  3. works
  4. snail
  5. cancer

Original Text

In a screen in which we had cervical, neuroblastoma, prostate and liver cancer cells, we found a compound from a terebrid snail that seems to attack liver cancer cells, and only liver cancer cells, and none of the others that were tested. And then, when we took this compound and we injected it into mouse models that were expressing liver cancer cells, it significantly inhibited the growth of the tumors. We're not quite sure how this works yet, we're still investigating the mechanism and how we can make this compound more effective, so you can't rush out to the pharmacy and order up a killer snail liver-cancer therapy treatment. Not yet.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
liver cancer 6
venom arsenal 2
snail venom 2
cells communicate 2
venom components 2
tumor cells 2
human diseases 2
blood sugar 2

Important Words

  1. attack
  2. cancer
  3. cells
  4. cervical
  5. compound
  6. effective
  7. expressing
  8. growth
  9. inhibited
  10. injected
  11. investigating
  12. killer
  13. liver
  14. mechanism
  15. models
  16. mouse
  17. neuroblastoma
  18. order
  19. pharmacy
  20. prostate
  21. rush
  22. screen
  23. significantly
  24. snail
  25. terebrid
  26. tested
  27. therapy
  28. treatment
  29. tumors
  30. works