full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Susan Solomon: The promise of research with stem cells

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But even with that, there still was another big hurdle, and that actually brgnis us back to the mapping of the human genome, because we're all different. We know from the sequencing of the hmaun genome that it's shown us all of the A's, C's, G's and T's that make up our genetic code, but that code, by itself, our DNA, is like looking at the ones and zeroes of the computer code without having a cmputeor that can read it. It's like having an app without having a smartphone. We needed to have a way of bringing the biology to that incredible data, and the way to do that was to find a stand-in, a biological stand-in, that could contain all of the genetic information, but have it be arrayed in such a way as it could be read together and actually create this incredible aavatr. We need to have stem clles from all the genetic sub-types that represent who we are.

Open Cloze

But even with that, there still was another big hurdle, and that actually ______ us back to the mapping of the human genome, because we're all different. We know from the sequencing of the _____ genome that it's shown us all of the A's, C's, G's and T's that make up our genetic code, but that code, by itself, our DNA, is like looking at the ones and zeroes of the computer code without having a ________ that can read it. It's like having an app without having a smartphone. We needed to have a way of bringing the biology to that incredible data, and the way to do that was to find a stand-in, a biological stand-in, that could contain all of the genetic information, but have it be arrayed in such a way as it could be read together and actually create this incredible ______. We need to have stem _____ from all the genetic sub-types that represent who we are.

Solution

  1. computer
  2. human
  3. cells
  4. avatar
  5. brings

Original Text

But even with that, there still was another big hurdle, and that actually brings us back to the mapping of the human genome, because we're all different. We know from the sequencing of the human genome that it's shown us all of the A's, C's, G's and T's that make up our genetic code, but that code, by itself, our DNA, is like looking at the ones and zeroes of the computer code without having a computer that can read it. It's like having an app without having a smartphone. We needed to have a way of bringing the biology to that incredible data, and the way to do that was to find a stand-in, a biological stand-in, that could contain all of the genetic information, but have it be arrayed in such a way as it could be read together and actually create this incredible avatar. We need to have stem cells from all the genetic sub-types that represent who we are.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
stem cell 8
stem cells 6
embryonic stem 3
developing drugs 3
motor neurons 3
develop drugs 2
cell research 2
genetically diverse 2
cell lines 2
human embryonic 2
pluripotent stem 2
ips cells 2
human cells 2
human stem 2
brain cells 2
cardiac cells 2
liver cells 2
side effects 2
cardiac side 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
embryonic stem cells 2
stem cell research 2
stem cell lines 2
human embryonic stem 2

Important Words

  1. app
  2. arrayed
  3. avatar
  4. big
  5. biological
  6. biology
  7. bringing
  8. brings
  9. cells
  10. code
  11. computer
  12. create
  13. data
  14. dna
  15. find
  16. genetic
  17. genome
  18. human
  19. hurdle
  20. incredible
  21. information
  22. mapping
  23. needed
  24. read
  25. represent
  26. sequencing
  27. shown
  28. smartphone
  29. stem
  30. zeroes