full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Elizabeth Blackburn: The science of cells that never get old

Unscramble the Blue Letters

OK, now, that's an incredibly hopeful message for us humans to be receiving from pond scum, because it turns out that as we humans age, our telomeres do shorten, and remarkably, that sthnniroeg is aging us. galrnleey speaking, the logner your telomeres, the better off you are. It's the oeortnehrinvsg of telomeres that leads us to feel and see signs of aging. My skin cells start to die and I start to see fine lines, wrinkles. Hair pigment cells die. You start to see gray. Immune system cells die. You increase your risks of getting sick. In fact, the cumulative research from the last 20 years has made clear that toelemre attrition is crntbtinioug to our rikss of getting cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's, some cancers and diabetes, the very cnoioindts many of us die of.

Open Cloze

OK, now, that's an incredibly hopeful message for us humans to be receiving from pond scum, because it turns out that as we humans age, our telomeres do shorten, and remarkably, that __________ is aging us. _________ speaking, the ______ your telomeres, the better off you are. It's the ______________ of telomeres that leads us to feel and see signs of aging. My skin cells start to die and I start to see fine lines, wrinkles. Hair pigment cells die. You start to see gray. Immune system cells die. You increase your risks of getting sick. In fact, the cumulative research from the last 20 years has made clear that ________ attrition is ____________ to our _____ of getting cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's, some cancers and diabetes, the very __________ many of us die of.

Solution

  1. conditions
  2. shortening
  3. telomere
  4. risks
  5. overshortening
  6. longer
  7. generally
  8. contributing

Original Text

OK, now, that's an incredibly hopeful message for us humans to be receiving from pond scum, because it turns out that as we humans age, our telomeres do shorten, and remarkably, that shortening is aging us. Generally speaking, the longer your telomeres, the better off you are. It's the overshortening of telomeres that leads us to feel and see signs of aging. My skin cells start to die and I start to see fine lines, wrinkles. Hair pigment cells die. You start to see gray. Immune system cells die. You increase your risks of getting sick. In fact, the cumulative research from the last 20 years has made clear that telomere attrition is contributing to our risks of getting cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's, some cancers and diabetes, the very conditions many of us die of.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
pond scum 5
telomere maintenance 3
deadly curious 2
scum critter 2
telomeres consisted 2
cells die 2
health span 2
psychological stress 2
chronic stress 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
pond scum critter 2

Important Words

  1. age
  2. aging
  3. attrition
  4. cancers
  5. cardiovascular
  6. cells
  7. clear
  8. conditions
  9. contributing
  10. cumulative
  11. diabetes
  12. die
  13. diseases
  14. fact
  15. feel
  16. fine
  17. generally
  18. gray
  19. hair
  20. hopeful
  21. humans
  22. immune
  23. increase
  24. incredibly
  25. leads
  26. lines
  27. longer
  28. message
  29. overshortening
  30. pigment
  31. pond
  32. receiving
  33. remarkably
  34. research
  35. risks
  36. scum
  37. shorten
  38. shortening
  39. sick
  40. signs
  41. skin
  42. speaking
  43. start
  44. system
  45. telomere
  46. telomeres
  47. turns
  48. wrinkles
  49. years