full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Melissa Garren: The sea we've hardly seen

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, as the past few sdlies about coral refes may have stusgeegd, I do indeed spend much of my time as a rrsaheecer thinking about human-microbe interactions, specifically on coral reefs. It turns out, we're not alone in having our own protective conitmumy of microbes. Corals, along with most other organisms on this planet, have their own prcvettioe communities as well. However, rather than keeping theirs on the inside as we do in our gut, they keep theirs on the outside, to potecrt them from their surroundings So what you're seeing here is a three-dimensional image of a live spot on a living coral with all of its living bacteria, that I took with some exciting technology — a high-speed laser-scanning confocal microscope. All of the red circles are the symbiotic algae that live inside the coral tissue, turning sunlight and into sugars they both can use, and all of the little blue dots are the protective bacteria. So when I use image analysis swtrafoe to highlight the outer layer of the coral in white, you can see that there are still some tiny little blue dots above that layer. And those bacteria are sitting in a mucus layer, which is also part of the coral's protective laeyr.

Open Cloze

Now, as the past few ______ about coral _____ may have _________, I do indeed spend much of my time as a __________ thinking about human-microbe interactions, specifically on coral reefs. It turns out, we're not alone in having our own protective _________ of microbes. Corals, along with most other organisms on this planet, have their own __________ communities as well. However, rather than keeping theirs on the inside as we do in our gut, they keep theirs on the outside, to _______ them from their surroundings So what you're seeing here is a three-dimensional image of a live spot on a living coral with all of its living bacteria, that I took with some exciting technology — a high-speed laser-scanning confocal microscope. All of the red circles are the symbiotic algae that live inside the coral tissue, turning sunlight and into sugars they both can use, and all of the little blue dots are the protective bacteria. So when I use image analysis ________ to highlight the outer layer of the coral in white, you can see that there are still some tiny little blue dots above that layer. And those bacteria are sitting in a mucus layer, which is also part of the coral's protective _____.

Solution

  1. community
  2. slides
  3. protect
  4. reefs
  5. layer
  6. software
  7. researcher
  8. protective
  9. suggested

Original Text

Now, as the past few slides about coral reefs may have suggested, I do indeed spend much of my time as a researcher thinking about human-microbe interactions, specifically on coral reefs. It turns out, we're not alone in having our own protective community of microbes. Corals, along with most other organisms on this planet, have their own protective communities as well. However, rather than keeping theirs on the inside as we do in our gut, they keep theirs on the outside, to protect them from their surroundings So what you're seeing here is a three-dimensional image of a live spot on a living coral with all of its living bacteria, that I took with some exciting technology — a high-speed laser-scanning confocal microscope. All of the red circles are the symbiotic algae that live inside the coral tissue, turning sunlight and into sugars they both can use, and all of the little blue dots are the protective bacteria. So when I use image analysis software to highlight the outer layer of the coral in white, you can see that there are still some tiny little blue dots above that layer. And those bacteria are sitting in a mucus layer, which is also part of the coral's protective layer.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
marine microbes 5
deep breath 3
marine bacteria 2
physical discomforts 2
ocean microbes 2
fish farm 2
coral reefs 2
blue dots 2
protective layer 2
find ways 2
coral mucus 2

Important Words

  1. algae
  2. analysis
  3. bacteria
  4. blue
  5. circles
  6. communities
  7. community
  8. confocal
  9. coral
  10. corals
  11. dots
  12. exciting
  13. gut
  14. highlight
  15. image
  16. interactions
  17. keeping
  18. layer
  19. live
  20. living
  21. microbes
  22. microscope
  23. mucus
  24. organisms
  25. outer
  26. part
  27. planet
  28. protect
  29. protective
  30. red
  31. reefs
  32. researcher
  33. sitting
  34. slides
  35. software
  36. specifically
  37. spend
  38. spot
  39. sugars
  40. suggested
  41. sunlight
  42. surroundings
  43. symbiotic
  44. technology
  45. thinking
  46. time
  47. tiny
  48. tissue
  49. turning
  50. turns
  51. white