full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Emma Schachner: The secret weapon that let dinosaurs take over the planet

Unscramble the Blue Letters

I am both a paleontologist and a comparative atomaisnt, and I am interested in understanding how the specialized dinosaur lung helped them take over the pnlaet. So we are going to jump back over 200 million years to the Triassic period. The environment was extremely harsh, there were no flowering ptnals, so this maens that there was no grass. So iniamge a landscape filled with all pine trees and ferns. At the same time, there were small lizards, mammals, insects, and there were also crrvnoiuoas and herbivorous reptiles — all competing for the same resources.

Open Cloze

I am both a paleontologist and a comparative _________, and I am interested in understanding how the specialized dinosaur lung helped them take over the ______. So we are going to jump back over 200 million years to the Triassic period. The environment was extremely harsh, there were no flowering ______, so this _____ that there was no grass. So _______ a landscape filled with all pine trees and ferns. At the same time, there were small lizards, mammals, insects, and there were also ___________ and herbivorous reptiles — all competing for the same resources.

Solution

  1. carnivorous
  2. anatomist
  3. plants
  4. means
  5. imagine
  6. planet

Original Text

I am both a paleontologist and a comparative anatomist, and I am interested in understanding how the specialized dinosaur lung helped them take over the planet. So we are going to jump back over 200 million years to the Triassic period. The environment was extremely harsh, there were no flowering plants, so this means that there was no grass. So imagine a landscape filled with all pine trees and ferns. At the same time, there were small lizards, mammals, insects, and there were also carnivorous and herbivorous reptiles — all competing for the same resources.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
modern birds 5
respiratory system 5
forked ribs 4
vertebral pneumaticity 4
triassic period 3
mammalian lung 3
thin membrane 3
million years 2
story takes 2
takes place 2
spinal vertebral 2
vertebral column 2
thoracic ceiling 2
top surface 2
clue number 2
lung tissue 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
story takes place 2
spinal vertebral column 2

Important Words

  1. anatomist
  2. carnivorous
  3. comparative
  4. competing
  5. dinosaur
  6. environment
  7. extremely
  8. ferns
  9. filled
  10. flowering
  11. grass
  12. harsh
  13. helped
  14. herbivorous
  15. imagine
  16. insects
  17. interested
  18. jump
  19. landscape
  20. lizards
  21. lung
  22. mammals
  23. means
  24. million
  25. paleontologist
  26. period
  27. pine
  28. planet
  29. plants
  30. reptiles
  31. resources
  32. small
  33. specialized
  34. time
  35. trees
  36. triassic
  37. understanding
  38. years