full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Michael Hendryx: The shocking danger of mountaintop removal -- and why it must end

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The unplanned experiment that is happening right now is called manoniuttop removal. The abbreviation for it is MTR. It is a form of surface coal mining that takes place in Appalachia, here in the United States. MTR occurs in four states: Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. Over 1.2 million acres have been mined in this way. This is an area about the size of Delaware but it is saperd over a footprint as large as Vermont and New hphimasre cmenoibd. The poerscs involves clear-cutting annceit Appalachian fsroet, home to some of the richest biodiversity on the pnaelt. The trees are typically burned or dumped into adjacent valleys. Then, to reach the buired coal smaes, explosives are used to remove up to 800 feet of mountain elevation. Over 1,500 tons of explosives are used for coal mining in West Virginia alone. Every day.

Open Cloze

The unplanned experiment that is happening right now is called ___________ removal. The abbreviation for it is MTR. It is a form of surface coal mining that takes place in Appalachia, here in the United States. MTR occurs in four states: Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. Over 1.2 million acres have been mined in this way. This is an area about the size of Delaware but it is ______ over a footprint as large as Vermont and New _________ ________. The _______ involves clear-cutting _______ Appalachian ______, home to some of the richest biodiversity on the ______. The trees are typically burned or dumped into adjacent valleys. Then, to reach the ______ coal _____, explosives are used to remove up to 800 feet of mountain elevation. Over 1,500 tons of explosives are used for coal mining in West Virginia alone. Every day.

Solution

  1. planet
  2. combined
  3. process
  4. forest
  5. spread
  6. buried
  7. mountaintop
  8. hampshire
  9. seams
  10. ancient

Original Text

The unplanned experiment that is happening right now is called mountaintop removal. The abbreviation for it is MTR. It is a form of surface coal mining that takes place in Appalachia, here in the United States. MTR occurs in four states: Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. Over 1.2 million acres have been mined in this way. This is an area about the size of Delaware but it is spread over a footprint as large as Vermont and New Hampshire combined. The process involves clear-cutting ancient Appalachian forest, home to some of the richest biodiversity on the planet. The trees are typically burned or dumped into adjacent valleys. Then, to reach the buried coal seams, explosives are used to remove up to 800 feet of mountain elevation. Over 1,500 tons of explosives are used for coal mining in West Virginia alone. Every day.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
health effects 4
coal mining 4
takes place 4
public health 4
west virginia 3
mining communities 3
ethical obligation 2
mountaintop removal 2
united states 2
electricity demand 2
health problems 2
health insurance 2
higher levels 2
death rates 2
lung cancer 2
excess deaths 2
coal industry 2
suddenly instructed 2
twilight zone 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
public health effects 2

Important Words

  1. abbreviation
  2. acres
  3. adjacent
  4. ancient
  5. appalachia
  6. appalachian
  7. area
  8. biodiversity
  9. buried
  10. burned
  11. called
  12. coal
  13. combined
  14. day
  15. delaware
  16. dumped
  17. elevation
  18. experiment
  19. explosives
  20. feet
  21. footprint
  22. forest
  23. form
  24. hampshire
  25. happening
  26. home
  27. involves
  28. kentucky
  29. large
  30. million
  31. mined
  32. mining
  33. mountain
  34. mountaintop
  35. mtr
  36. occurs
  37. place
  38. planet
  39. process
  40. reach
  41. removal
  42. remove
  43. richest
  44. seams
  45. size
  46. spread
  47. states
  48. surface
  49. takes
  50. tennessee
  51. tons
  52. trees
  53. typically
  54. united
  55. unplanned
  56. valleys
  57. vermont
  58. virginia
  59. west