full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Geoffrey West: The surprising math of cities and corporations

Unscramble the Blue Letters

What is the reason for this? Well I don't have time to tell you about all the mathematics, but underlying this is the soaicl nkwrotes, because this is a universal phenomenon. This 15 percent rule is true no matter where you are on the planet — Japan, clhie, Portugal, Scotland, doesn't matter. Always, all the data shows it's the same, despite the fact that these cietis have evolved independently. Something universal is going on. The universality, to repeat, is us — that we are the city. And it is our interactions and the clustering of those interactions. So there it is, I've said it again. So if it is those networks and their mathematical structure, unlike biology, which had sublinear scaling, economies of scale, you had the solniwg of the pace of life as you get bigger. If it's social networks with super-linear snicalg — more per capita — then the torhey says that you increase the pace of life. The bigger you are, life gets faster. On the left is the herat rate sionwhg blooigy. On the right is the speed of walking in a bunch of European cities, showing that increase.

Open Cloze

What is the reason for this? Well I don't have time to tell you about all the mathematics, but underlying this is the ______ ________, because this is a universal phenomenon. This 15 percent rule is true no matter where you are on the planet — Japan, _____, Portugal, Scotland, doesn't matter. Always, all the data shows it's the same, despite the fact that these ______ have evolved independently. Something universal is going on. The universality, to repeat, is us — that we are the city. And it is our interactions and the clustering of those interactions. So there it is, I've said it again. So if it is those networks and their mathematical structure, unlike biology, which had sublinear scaling, economies of scale, you had the _______ of the pace of life as you get bigger. If it's social networks with super-linear _______ — more per capita — then the ______ says that you increase the pace of life. The bigger you are, life gets faster. On the left is the _____ rate _______ _______. On the right is the speed of walking in a bunch of European cities, showing that increase.

Solution

  1. cities
  2. chile
  3. biology
  4. social
  5. networks
  6. theory
  7. showing
  8. scaling
  9. slowing
  10. heart

Original Text

What is the reason for this? Well I don't have time to tell you about all the mathematics, but underlying this is the social networks, because this is a universal phenomenon. This 15 percent rule is true no matter where you are on the planet — Japan, Chile, Portugal, Scotland, doesn't matter. Always, all the data shows it's the same, despite the fact that these cities have evolved independently. Something universal is going on. The universality, to repeat, is us — that we are the city. And it is our interactions and the clustering of those interactions. So there it is, I've said it again. So if it is those networks and their mathematical structure, unlike biology, which had sublinear scaling, economies of scale, you had the slowing of the pace of life as you get bigger. If it's social networks with super-linear scaling — more per capita — then the theory says that you increase the pace of life. The bigger you are, life gets faster. On the left is the heart rate showing biology. On the right is the speed of walking in a bunch of European cities, showing that increase.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
scientific theory 3
petrol stations 3
million people 2
great big 2
hockey sticks 2

Important Words

  1. bigger
  2. biology
  3. bunch
  4. capita
  5. chile
  6. cities
  7. city
  8. clustering
  9. data
  10. economies
  11. european
  12. evolved
  13. fact
  14. faster
  15. heart
  16. increase
  17. independently
  18. interactions
  19. japan
  20. left
  21. life
  22. mathematical
  23. mathematics
  24. matter
  25. networks
  26. pace
  27. percent
  28. phenomenon
  29. planet
  30. portugal
  31. rate
  32. reason
  33. repeat
  34. rule
  35. scale
  36. scaling
  37. scotland
  38. showing
  39. shows
  40. slowing
  41. social
  42. speed
  43. structure
  44. sublinear
  45. theory
  46. time
  47. true
  48. underlying
  49. universal
  50. universality
  51. walking