full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Dame Ellen MacArthur: The surprising thing I learned sailing solo around the world

Unscramble the Blue Letters

And I quickly riezaled it wasn't just about egreny. It was also maertials. In 2008, I picked up a scientific stduy looking at how many years we have of valuable materials to extract from the ground: copper, 61; tin, zinc, 40; silver, 29. These figures couldn't be exact, but we knew those materials were ftiine. We only have them once. And yet, our speed that we've used these materials has increased rapidly, exponentially. With more people in the world with more stuff, we've effectively seen 100 years of price declines in those basic cietimodoms erased in just 10 years. And this affects all of us. It's brought huge volatility in prices, so much so that in 2011, your average European car mcratnuefuar saw a raw material prcie increase of 500 million Euros, wiping away half their operating profits through something they have absolutely no control over.

Open Cloze

And I quickly ________ it wasn't just about ______. It was also _________. In 2008, I picked up a scientific _____ looking at how many years we have of valuable materials to extract from the ground: copper, 61; tin, zinc, 40; silver, 29. These figures couldn't be exact, but we knew those materials were ______. We only have them once. And yet, our speed that we've used these materials has increased rapidly, exponentially. With more people in the world with more stuff, we've effectively seen 100 years of price declines in those basic ___________ erased in just 10 years. And this affects all of us. It's brought huge volatility in prices, so much so that in 2011, your average European car ____________ saw a raw material _____ increase of 500 million Euros, wiping away half their operating profits through something they have absolutely no control over.

Solution

  1. finite
  2. energy
  3. materials
  4. price
  5. manufacturer
  6. commodities
  7. study
  8. realized

Original Text

And I quickly realized it wasn't just about energy. It was also materials. In 2008, I picked up a scientific study looking at how many years we have of valuable materials to extract from the ground: copper, 61; tin, zinc, 40; silver, 29. These figures couldn't be exact, but we knew those materials were finite. We only have them once. And yet, our speed that we've used these materials has increased rapidly, exponentially. With more people in the world with more stuff, we've effectively seen 100 years of price declines in those basic commodities erased in just 10 years. And this affects all of us. It's brought huge volatility in prices, so much so that in 2011, your average European car manufacturer saw a raw material price increase of 500 million Euros, wiping away half their operating profits through something they have absolutely no control over.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
southern ocean 5
circular economy 5
solo nonstop 3
global economy 3
long term 3
single day 2
sail solo 2
finish line 2
linear economy 2
replace current 2
young people 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
sail solo nonstop 2

Important Words

  1. absolutely
  2. affects
  3. average
  4. basic
  5. brought
  6. car
  7. commodities
  8. control
  9. copper
  10. declines
  11. effectively
  12. energy
  13. erased
  14. european
  15. euros
  16. exact
  17. exponentially
  18. extract
  19. figures
  20. finite
  21. huge
  22. increase
  23. increased
  24. knew
  25. manufacturer
  26. material
  27. materials
  28. million
  29. operating
  30. people
  31. picked
  32. price
  33. prices
  34. profits
  35. quickly
  36. rapidly
  37. raw
  38. realized
  39. scientific
  40. silver
  41. speed
  42. study
  43. stuff
  44. tin
  45. valuable
  46. volatility
  47. wiping
  48. world
  49. years
  50. zinc