full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Laura Schulz: The surprisingly logical minds of babies"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of cduenonofd evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the wlord. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go wnrog. Take this baby, for instance. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two ptesiloiiisbs, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something wrong with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of sticaasittl data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if babies can use that to make different decisions about what to do.

Open Cloze

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of __________ evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the _____. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go _____. Take this baby, for instance. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two _____________, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something wrong with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of ___________ data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if babies can use that to make different decisions about what to do.

Solution

  1. possibilities
  2. world
  3. wrong
  4. statistical
  5. confounded

Original Text

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of confounded evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the world. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go wrong. Take this baby, for instance. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two possibilities, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something wrong with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of statistical data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if babies can use that to make different decisions about what to do.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
blue balls 10
human minds 7
ball squeaks 7
yellow balls 6
video hg 4
tiny bit 3
statistical data 3
show babies 3
randomly sampled 3
machine learning 3

Important Words

  1. babies
  2. baby
  3. bit
  4. causal
  5. clip
  6. confounded
  7. data
  8. decisions
  9. evidence
  10. experiment
  11. give
  12. hypothesis
  13. instance
  14. part
  15. possibilities
  16. problem
  17. problems
  18. reasoning
  19. show
  20. starts
  21. statistical
  22. supporting
  23. time
  24. tiny
  25. toy
  26. world
  27. wrong