full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Laura Schulz: The surprisingly logical minds of babies

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of cooudfnned evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the world. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go wrong. Take this baby, for inatncse. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two possibilities, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something wonrg with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of statistical data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if beaibs can use that to make different dnsioceis about what to do.

Open Cloze

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of __________ evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the world. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go wrong. Take this baby, for ________. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two possibilities, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something _____ with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of statistical data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if ______ can use that to make different _________ about what to do.

Solution

  1. decisions
  2. instance
  3. confounded
  4. wrong
  5. babies

Original Text

Let me show you another example now, this time about a problem of causal reasoning. And it starts with a problem of confounded evidence that all of us have, which is that we are part of the world. And this might not seem like a problem to you, but like most problems, it's only a problem when things go wrong. Take this baby, for instance. Things are going wrong for him. He would like to make this toy go, and he can't. I'll show you a few-second clip. And there's two possibilities, broadly: Maybe he's doing something wrong, or maybe there's something wrong with the toy. So in this next experiment, we're going to give babies just a tiny bit of statistical data supporting one hypothesis over the other, and we're going to see if babies can use that to make different decisions about what to do.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
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statistical data 3
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causal reasoning 2
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rubber ducks 2
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plausibly representative 2
important point 2
box squeaks 2
experimental results 2
blue ball 2
causal relationships 2
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ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
data human minds 2
human minds generate 2

Important Words

  1. babies
  2. baby
  3. bit
  4. causal
  5. clip
  6. confounded
  7. data
  8. decisions
  9. evidence
  10. experiment
  11. give
  12. hypothesis
  13. instance
  14. part
  15. possibilities
  16. problem
  17. problems
  18. reasoning
  19. show
  20. starts
  21. statistical
  22. supporting
  23. time
  24. tiny
  25. toy
  26. world
  27. wrong