full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Peter Singer: The why and how of effective altruism

Unscramble the Blue Letters

My final question is, some people will think it's a berdun to give. I don't really believe it is. I've enjoyed giinvg all of my life since I was a graduate sudnett. It's been something fulfilling to me. Charlie belresr said to me that he's not an altruist. He thinks that the life he's saving is his own. And hloly Morgan told me that she used to battle depression until she got involved with effective aitlursm, and now is one of the happiest poelpe she knows. I think one of the reasons for this is that being an effective altruist helps to overcome what I call the supyhsis pblreom. Here's Sisyphus as portrayed by Titian, cndoenmed by the gods to push a huge boulder up to the top of the hill. Just as he gets there, the effort becomes too much, the belduor escapes, rolls all the way down the hill, he has to trudge back down to push it up again, and the same thing happens again and again for all eternity. Does that remind you of a consumer lifestyle, where you work hard to get money, you spend that money on consumer goods which you hope you'll enjoy using? But then the money's gone, you have to work hard to get more, spend more, and to maintain the same lveel of happiness, it's kind of a hedonic treadmill. You never get off, and you never really feel satisfied. Becoming an effective altruist gives you that meaning and fulfillment. It eeabnls you to have a solid basis for self-esteem on which you can feel your life was really worth living.

Open Cloze

My final question is, some people will think it's a ______ to give. I don't really believe it is. I've enjoyed ______ all of my life since I was a graduate _______. It's been something fulfilling to me. Charlie _______ said to me that he's not an altruist. He thinks that the life he's saving is his own. And _____ Morgan told me that she used to battle depression until she got involved with effective ________, and now is one of the happiest ______ she knows. I think one of the reasons for this is that being an effective altruist helps to overcome what I call the ________ _______. Here's Sisyphus as portrayed by Titian, _________ by the gods to push a huge boulder up to the top of the hill. Just as he gets there, the effort becomes too much, the _______ escapes, rolls all the way down the hill, he has to trudge back down to push it up again, and the same thing happens again and again for all eternity. Does that remind you of a consumer lifestyle, where you work hard to get money, you spend that money on consumer goods which you hope you'll enjoy using? But then the money's gone, you have to work hard to get more, spend more, and to maintain the same _____ of happiness, it's kind of a hedonic treadmill. You never get off, and you never really feel satisfied. Becoming an effective altruist gives you that meaning and fulfillment. It _______ you to have a solid basis for self-esteem on which you can feel your life was really worth living.

Solution

  1. sisyphus
  2. burden
  3. student
  4. boulder
  5. level
  6. giving
  7. condemned
  8. holly
  9. enables
  10. altruism
  11. bresler
  12. people
  13. problem

Original Text

My final question is, some people will think it's a burden to give. I don't really believe it is. I've enjoyed giving all of my life since I was a graduate student. It's been something fulfilling to me. Charlie Bresler said to me that he's not an altruist. He thinks that the life he's saving is his own. And Holly Morgan told me that she used to battle depression until she got involved with effective altruism, and now is one of the happiest people she knows. I think one of the reasons for this is that being an effective altruist helps to overcome what I call the Sisyphus problem. Here's Sisyphus as portrayed by Titian, condemned by the gods to push a huge boulder up to the top of the hill. Just as he gets there, the effort becomes too much, the boulder escapes, rolls all the way down the hill, he has to trudge back down to push it up again, and the same thing happens again and again for all eternity. Does that remind you of a consumer lifestyle, where you work hard to get money, you spend that money on consumer goods which you hope you'll enjoy using? But then the money's gone, you have to work hard to get more, spend more, and to maintain the same level of happiness, it's kind of a hedonic treadmill. You never get off, and you never really feel satisfied. Becoming an effective altruist gives you that meaning and fulfillment. It enables you to have a solid basis for self-esteem on which you can feel your life was really worth living.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
children dying 4
effective altruist 4
guide dog 4
blind person 3
malaria foundation 3
morally relevant 2
effective altruism 2
melinda gates 2
effective altruists 2
gates foundation 2
toby ord 2
global poverty 2
charlie bresler 2
graduate student 2
effective charities 2
effective animal 2
work hard 2

Important Words

  1. altruism
  2. altruist
  3. basis
  4. battle
  5. boulder
  6. bresler
  7. burden
  8. call
  9. charlie
  10. condemned
  11. consumer
  12. depression
  13. effective
  14. effort
  15. enables
  16. enjoy
  17. enjoyed
  18. escapes
  19. eternity
  20. feel
  21. final
  22. fulfilling
  23. fulfillment
  24. give
  25. giving
  26. gods
  27. goods
  28. graduate
  29. happiest
  30. happiness
  31. hard
  32. hedonic
  33. helps
  34. hill
  35. holly
  36. hope
  37. huge
  38. involved
  39. kind
  40. level
  41. life
  42. lifestyle
  43. living
  44. maintain
  45. meaning
  46. money
  47. morgan
  48. overcome
  49. people
  50. portrayed
  51. problem
  52. push
  53. question
  54. reasons
  55. remind
  56. rolls
  57. satisfied
  58. saving
  59. sisyphus
  60. solid
  61. spend
  62. student
  63. thinks
  64. titian
  65. told
  66. top
  67. treadmill
  68. trudge
  69. work
  70. worth