full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alex Gendler: The woman who stared at the sun

Unscramble the Blue Letters

rrchsreaees already knew mitaengc currents in the sun followed an 11 year cylce that moved sunspots in a butterfly shaped path over the star’s surface. But using Koyama’s record, they could precisely follow specific sunspots and clusters through that journey. This kind of detail offered a real-time iidcoiatnn of the sun’s magnetic activity, allowing scientists to tcrak all kinds of solar phnonmeea, including volatile solar flares. These flares typically eamatne from the vicinity of sunspots, and can travel all the way to Earth’s aeprohmste. Here, they can create geomagnetic storms capable of disrupting long range cnitaoucmmoin and causing blackouts. Solar flares also pose a major risk to satellites and manned sacpe stations, making them essential to predict and plan for.

Open Cloze

___________ already knew ________ currents in the sun followed an 11 year _____ that moved sunspots in a butterfly shaped path over the star’s surface. But using Koyama’s record, they could precisely follow specific sunspots and clusters through that journey. This kind of detail offered a real-time __________ of the sun’s magnetic activity, allowing scientists to _____ all kinds of solar _________, including volatile solar flares. These flares typically _______ from the vicinity of sunspots, and can travel all the way to Earth’s __________. Here, they can create geomagnetic storms capable of disrupting long range _____________ and causing blackouts. Solar flares also pose a major risk to satellites and manned _____ stations, making them essential to predict and plan for.

Solution

  1. phenomena
  2. space
  3. atmosphere
  4. researchers
  5. track
  6. cycle
  7. communication
  8. indication
  9. emanate
  10. magnetic

Original Text

Researchers already knew magnetic currents in the sun followed an 11 year cycle that moved sunspots in a butterfly shaped path over the star’s surface. But using Koyama’s record, they could precisely follow specific sunspots and clusters through that journey. This kind of detail offered a real-time indication of the sun’s magnetic activity, allowing scientists to track all kinds of solar phenomena, including volatile solar flares. These flares typically emanate from the vicinity of sunspots, and can travel all the way to Earth’s atmosphere. Here, they can create geomagnetic storms capable of disrupting long range communication and causing blackouts. Solar flares also pose a major risk to satellites and manned space stations, making them essential to predict and plan for.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
magnetic fields 2
magnetic activity 2
solar flares 2

Important Words

  1. activity
  2. allowing
  3. atmosphere
  4. blackouts
  5. butterfly
  6. capable
  7. causing
  8. clusters
  9. communication
  10. create
  11. currents
  12. cycle
  13. detail
  14. disrupting
  15. emanate
  16. essential
  17. flares
  18. follow
  19. geomagnetic
  20. including
  21. indication
  22. journey
  23. kind
  24. kinds
  25. knew
  26. long
  27. magnetic
  28. major
  29. making
  30. manned
  31. moved
  32. offered
  33. path
  34. phenomena
  35. plan
  36. pose
  37. precisely
  38. predict
  39. range
  40. record
  41. researchers
  42. risk
  43. satellites
  44. scientists
  45. shaped
  46. solar
  47. space
  48. specific
  49. stations
  50. storms
  51. sun
  52. sunspots
  53. surface
  54. track
  55. travel
  56. typically
  57. vicinity
  58. volatile
  59. year