full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Justin Schmidt: The world's most painful insect sting

Unscramble the Blue Letters

First, let’s consider the Western honeybee’s sting, shidcmt says it’s like “a flaming match head has lndead on your arm and is quenched first with lye and then sulfuric acid.” This dfrocmsoit is ahlimeocpcsd with venom that’s packed with a pain-causing peptide called “melittin” and flesh-softening enzymes that disperse the venom. These enzymes may also cause allergic reactions and even lead to fluid buildup in the lungs. Because werokr honeybees have bbraed stingers that burrow into certain victims, they usually can't stnig without leaving part of their bodies behind, which ultimately kills them. Since only the queen bee has the ability to reproduce, a worker bee’s self-sacrifice helps ensure that the colony— and their genes— will prevail. But before they go, they release an alarm pheromone that actievtas a mass attack and often tetrags some of the most vulnerable sites on their victim’s body.

Open Cloze

First, let’s consider the Western honeybee’s sting, _______ says it’s like “a flaming match head has ______ on your arm and is quenched first with lye and then sulfuric acid.” This __________ is ____________ with venom that’s packed with a pain-causing peptide called “melittin” and flesh-softening enzymes that disperse the venom. These enzymes may also cause allergic reactions and even lead to fluid buildup in the lungs. Because ______ honeybees have ______ stingers that burrow into certain victims, they usually can't _____ without leaving part of their bodies behind, which ultimately kills them. Since only the queen bee has the ability to reproduce, a worker bee’s self-sacrifice helps ensure that the colony— and their genes— will prevail. But before they go, they release an alarm pheromone that _________ a mass attack and often _______ some of the most vulnerable sites on their victim’s body.

Solution

  1. schmidt
  2. sting
  3. barbed
  4. landed
  5. targets
  6. worker
  7. activates
  8. accomplished
  9. discomfort

Original Text

First, let’s consider the Western honeybee’s sting, Schmidt says it’s like “a flaming match head has landed on your arm and is quenched first with lye and then sulfuric acid.” This discomfort is accomplished with venom that’s packed with a pain-causing peptide called “melittin” and flesh-softening enzymes that disperse the venom. These enzymes may also cause allergic reactions and even lead to fluid buildup in the lungs. Because worker honeybees have barbed stingers that burrow into certain victims, they usually can't sting without leaving part of their bodies behind, which ultimately kills them. Since only the queen bee has the ability to reproduce, a worker bee’s self-sacrifice helps ensure that the colony— and their genes— will prevail. But before they go, they release an alarm pheromone that activates a mass attack and often targets some of the most vulnerable sites on their victim’s body.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
painful insect 2
insect sting 2
insect stings 2
peptide called 2
tarantula hawk 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
painful insect sting 2

Important Words

  1. ability
  2. accomplished
  3. acid
  4. activates
  5. alarm
  6. allergic
  7. arm
  8. attack
  9. barbed
  10. bee
  11. bodies
  12. body
  13. buildup
  14. burrow
  15. called
  16. discomfort
  17. disperse
  18. ensure
  19. enzymes
  20. flaming
  21. fluid
  22. head
  23. helps
  24. honeybees
  25. kills
  26. landed
  27. lead
  28. leaving
  29. lungs
  30. lye
  31. mass
  32. match
  33. packed
  34. part
  35. peptide
  36. pheromone
  37. prevail
  38. queen
  39. quenched
  40. reactions
  41. release
  42. reproduce
  43. schmidt
  44. sites
  45. sting
  46. stingers
  47. sulfuric
  48. targets
  49. ultimately
  50. venom
  51. victims
  52. vulnerable
  53. western
  54. worker