full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by George Whitesides: Toward a science of simplicity"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

The Internet starts with mathematics, it starts with binary. And if you look at the list of things on the bottom, we are familiar with the Arabic numbers one to 10 and so on. In binray, one is 0001, seven is 0111. The question is: Why is binary simpler than Arabic? And the answer is, spimly, that if I hold up three firnges, you can count that easily, but if I hold up this, it's sort of hard to say that I just did seven. The vtriue of binary is that it's the simplest possible way of representing numbers. Anything else is more complicated. You can catch errors with it, it's unambiguous in its reading, there are lots of good things about binary. So it is very, very simple once you learn how to read it. Now, if you like to represent this zero and one of binary, you need a device. And think of things in your life that are binary, one of them is light switches. They can be on and off. That's binary.

#### Open Cloze

The Internet starts with mathematics, it starts with binary. And if you look at the list of things on the bottom, we are familiar with the Arabic numbers one to 10 and so on. In **______**, one is 0001, seven is 0111. The question is: Why is binary simpler than Arabic? And the answer is, **______**, that if I hold up three **_______**, you can count that easily, but if I hold up this, it's sort of hard to say that I just did seven. The **______** of binary is that it's the simplest possible way of representing numbers. Anything else is more complicated. You can catch errors with it, it's unambiguous in its reading, there are lots of good things about binary. So it is very, very simple once you learn how to read it. Now, if you like to represent this zero and one of binary, you need a device. And think of things in your life that are binary, one of them is light switches. They can be on and off. That's binary.

#### Solution

- binary
- fingers
- simply
- virtue

#### Original Text

The Internet starts with mathematics, it starts with binary. And if you look at the list of things on the bottom, we are familiar with the Arabic numbers one to 10 and so on. In binary, one is 0001, seven is 0111. The question is: Why is binary simpler than Arabic? And the answer is, simply, that if I hold up three fingers, you can count that easily, but if I hold up this, it's sort of hard to say that I just did seven. The virtue of binary is that it's the simplest possible way of representing numbers. Anything else is more complicated. You can catch errors with it, it's unambiguous in its reading, there are lots of good things about binary. So it is very, very simple once you learn how to read it. Now, if you like to represent this zero and one of binary, you need a device. And think of things in your life that are binary, one of them is light switches. They can be on and off. That's binary.
#### ngrams of length 2

collocation |
frequency |

coffee cup |
3 |

cell phone |
3 |

integrated circuits |
3 |

health care |
3 |

#### Important Words

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- arabic
- binary
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- mathematics
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- virtue