full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Susan Lim: Transplant cells, not organs

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But in 2007, two remarkable individuals, Shinya yakaamna of Japan and Jamie tsoomhn of the United States, made an auodnsting discovery. They discovered that adult cells, taken from you and me, could be reprogrammed back into embryonic-like clles, which they termed IPS cells, or induced pluripotent stem cells. And so guess what, seincsitts around the wolrd and in the labs are racing to convert aging adult cells — agnig adult cells from you and me — they are racing to reprogram these cells back into more useful IPS cells. And in our lab, we are fsoceud on taking fat and reprogramming mounds of fat into fountains of youthful cells — cells that we may use to then form other, more specialized, cells, which one day may be used as cell transplants. If this research is scecussful, it may then reduce the need to research and sacrifice human embryos.

Open Cloze

But in 2007, two remarkable individuals, Shinya ________ of Japan and Jamie _______ of the United States, made an __________ discovery. They discovered that adult cells, taken from you and me, could be reprogrammed back into embryonic-like _____, which they termed IPS cells, or induced pluripotent stem cells. And so guess what, __________ around the _____ and in the labs are racing to convert aging adult cells — _____ adult cells from you and me — they are racing to reprogram these cells back into more useful IPS cells. And in our lab, we are _______ on taking fat and reprogramming mounds of fat into fountains of youthful cells — cells that we may use to then form other, more specialized, cells, which one day may be used as cell transplants. If this research is __________, it may then reduce the need to research and sacrifice human embryos.

Solution

  1. focused
  2. successful
  3. thomson
  4. world
  5. aging
  6. cells
  7. astounding
  8. yamanaka
  9. scientists

Original Text

But in 2007, two remarkable individuals, Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and Jamie Thomson of the United States, made an astounding discovery. They discovered that adult cells, taken from you and me, could be reprogrammed back into embryonic-like cells, which they termed IPS cells, or induced pluripotent stem cells. And so guess what, scientists around the world and in the labs are racing to convert aging adult cells — aging adult cells from you and me — they are racing to reprogram these cells back into more useful IPS cells. And in our lab, we are focused on taking fat and reprogramming mounds of fat into fountains of youthful cells — cells that we may use to then form other, more specialized, cells, which one day may be used as cell transplants. If this research is successful, it may then reduce the need to research and sacrifice human embryos.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
stem cells 27
embryonic stem 6
adult stem 5
liver transplant 4
donor organs 4
human embryos 3
stem cell 3
repair damaged 3
cadaveric liver 2
related donors 2
unrelated donors 2
moral controversy 2
executed prisoners 2
transplanting cells 2
human embryonic 2
give rise 2
cell types 2
cell transplants 2
aging adult 2
adult cells 2
spinal cord 2
retinal diseases 2
growth factors 2
clinical trials 2
heart disease 2
heart muscle 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
embryonic stem cells 5
adult stem cells 5
cadaveric liver transplant 2
human embryonic stem 2
aging adult cells 2

Important Words

  1. adult
  2. aging
  3. astounding
  4. cell
  5. cells
  6. convert
  7. day
  8. discovered
  9. discovery
  10. embryos
  11. fat
  12. focused
  13. form
  14. fountains
  15. guess
  16. human
  17. individuals
  18. induced
  19. ips
  20. jamie
  21. japan
  22. lab
  23. labs
  24. mounds
  25. pluripotent
  26. racing
  27. reduce
  28. remarkable
  29. reprogram
  30. reprogrammed
  31. reprogramming
  32. research
  33. sacrifice
  34. scientists
  35. shinya
  36. specialized
  37. states
  38. stem
  39. successful
  40. termed
  41. thomson
  42. transplants
  43. united
  44. world
  45. yamanaka
  46. youthful