full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Susan M. Reverby: Ugly History The US syphilis experiment

Unscramble the Blue Letters

In the 1930s, the United States was ravaged by syphilis. This sexually transmitted icinofetn afflicted nearly 1 in 10 Americans, producing painful sores and rhaess that pisesrted for roughly two years. After these initial smptyoms, late-stage syphilis was known to cause organ damage, herat and brain disorders, and even blindness. It was incredibly dcfiiulft to slow the disease’s spread. Experts cautioned against unprotected sex, but the infection could also be passed during childbirth. Worse still, ensixtig treatments like mercury and bismuth were considered unreliable at best and potentially harmful at worst. Today these heavy mlates are classified as toxic, but at the time, doctors were still uncovering their doruganes side effects.

Open Cloze

In the 1930s, the United States was ravaged by syphilis. This sexually transmitted _________ afflicted nearly 1 in 10 Americans, producing painful sores and ______ that _________ for roughly two years. After these initial ________, late-stage syphilis was known to cause organ damage, _____ and brain disorders, and even blindness. It was incredibly _________ to slow the disease’s spread. Experts cautioned against unprotected sex, but the infection could also be passed during childbirth. Worse still, ________ treatments like mercury and bismuth were considered unreliable at best and potentially harmful at worst. Today these heavy ______ are classified as toxic, but at the time, doctors were still uncovering their _________ side effects.

Solution

  1. dangerous
  2. metals
  3. persisted
  4. symptoms
  5. existing
  6. rashes
  7. heart
  8. difficult
  9. infection

Original Text

In the 1930s, the United States was ravaged by syphilis. This sexually transmitted infection afflicted nearly 1 in 10 Americans, producing painful sores and rashes that persisted for roughly two years. After these initial symptoms, late-stage syphilis was known to cause organ damage, heart and brain disorders, and even blindness. It was incredibly difficult to slow the disease’s spread. Experts cautioned against unprotected sex, but the infection could also be passed during childbirth. Worse still, existing treatments like mercury and bismuth were considered unreliable at best and potentially harmful at worst. Today these heavy metals are classified as toxic, but at the time, doctors were still uncovering their dangerous side effects.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
sexually transmitted 2
black men 2
leadership decided 2
informed consent 2

Important Words

  1. afflicted
  2. americans
  3. bismuth
  4. blindness
  5. brain
  6. cautioned
  7. childbirth
  8. classified
  9. considered
  10. damage
  11. dangerous
  12. difficult
  13. disorders
  14. doctors
  15. effects
  16. existing
  17. experts
  18. harmful
  19. heart
  20. heavy
  21. incredibly
  22. infection
  23. initial
  24. mercury
  25. metals
  26. organ
  27. painful
  28. passed
  29. persisted
  30. potentially
  31. producing
  32. rashes
  33. ravaged
  34. roughly
  35. sex
  36. sexually
  37. side
  38. slow
  39. sores
  40. spread
  41. states
  42. symptoms
  43. syphilis
  44. time
  45. today
  46. toxic
  47. transmitted
  48. treatments
  49. uncovering
  50. united
  51. unprotected
  52. unreliable
  53. worse
  54. worst
  55. years