full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Michael Pawlyn: Using nature's genius in architecture

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So the final project I want to talk about is the saraha Forest Project, which we're working on at the moment. It may come as a surrspie to some of you to hear that quite large areas of what are currently desert were actually ftesoerd a fairly short time ago. So for instance, when Julius Caesar arrived in North Africa, huge areas of North Africa were croeevd in cedar and cypress forests. And during the evolution of life on the Earth, it was the citonolioazn of the land by plants that helped create the begnin climate we currently enjoy. The converse is also true. The more vegetation we lose, the more that's likely to exacerbate climate cghnae and lead to further desertification. And this animation, this shows photosynthetic activity over the course of a number of yares, and what you can see is that the boundaries of those deserts shift quite a lot, and that rseias the question of whether we can intervene at the buoandry conditions to halt, or maybe even reverse, desertification.

Open Cloze

So the final project I want to talk about is the ______ Forest Project, which we're working on at the moment. It may come as a ________ to some of you to hear that quite large areas of what are currently desert were actually ________ a fairly short time ago. So for instance, when Julius Caesar arrived in North Africa, huge areas of North Africa were _______ in cedar and cypress forests. And during the evolution of life on the Earth, it was the ____________ of the land by plants that helped create the ______ climate we currently enjoy. The converse is also true. The more vegetation we lose, the more that's likely to exacerbate climate ______ and lead to further desertification. And this animation, this shows photosynthetic activity over the course of a number of _____, and what you can see is that the boundaries of those deserts shift quite a lot, and that ______ the question of whether we can intervene at the ________ conditions to halt, or maybe even reverse, desertification.

Solution

  1. raises
  2. change
  3. colonization
  4. years
  5. covered
  6. forested
  7. surprise
  8. benign
  9. sahara
  10. boundary

Original Text

So the final project I want to talk about is the Sahara Forest Project, which we're working on at the moment. It may come as a surprise to some of you to hear that quite large areas of what are currently desert were actually forested a fairly short time ago. So for instance, when Julius Caesar arrived in North Africa, huge areas of North Africa were covered in cedar and cypress forests. And during the evolution of life on the Earth, it was the colonization of the land by plants that helped create the benign climate we currently enjoy. The converse is also true. The more vegetation we lose, the more that's likely to exacerbate climate change and lead to further desertification. And this animation, this shows photosynthetic activity over the course of a number of years, and what you can see is that the boundaries of those deserts shift quite a lot, and that raises the question of whether we can intervene at the boundary conditions to halt, or maybe even reverse, desertification.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
radical increases 4
seawater greenhouse 4
resource efficiency 3
solar economy 2
structures based 2
graham wiles 2
fresh water 2
sahara forest 2
sustainable design 2
concentrated solar 2
restorative benefits 2
calcium carbonate 2
waste brine 2

Important Words

  1. activity
  2. africa
  3. animation
  4. areas
  5. arrived
  6. benign
  7. boundaries
  8. boundary
  9. caesar
  10. cedar
  11. change
  12. climate
  13. colonization
  14. conditions
  15. converse
  16. covered
  17. create
  18. cypress
  19. desert
  20. desertification
  21. deserts
  22. earth
  23. enjoy
  24. evolution
  25. exacerbate
  26. final
  27. forest
  28. forested
  29. forests
  30. halt
  31. hear
  32. helped
  33. huge
  34. instance
  35. intervene
  36. julius
  37. land
  38. large
  39. lead
  40. life
  41. lose
  42. lot
  43. moment
  44. north
  45. number
  46. photosynthetic
  47. plants
  48. project
  49. question
  50. raises
  51. reverse
  52. sahara
  53. shift
  54. short
  55. shows
  56. surprise
  57. talk
  58. time
  59. true
  60. vegetation
  61. working
  62. years