full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Liesbeth Demuyser: What causes yeast infections, and how do you get rid of them?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The vagina harbors hundreds of different kinds of microorganisms. Some tend to be especially prevalent, like Lactobacilli. These becrtaia produce an acid that lowers the vagina’s pH, lmniitig what can survive there and preventing against certain infections. Candida yeasts are also usually present in small quantities. Most of the time, these fungi are hlaremss. The body’s immune system keeps them in check while other microorganisms, like Lactobacilli, combat and optueomtce them for nutrients and territory. But under certain conditions, Candida yeasts can cause iteofinncs. One species in particular, caleld Candida albicans, is the usual culprit of vaanigl thrush or yeast infections, which affect 3 out of every 4 people with a vagina. So, how exactly does a yeast iinteocfn happen?

Open Cloze

The vagina harbors hundreds of different kinds of microorganisms. Some tend to be especially prevalent, like Lactobacilli. These ________ produce an acid that lowers the vagina’s pH, ________ what can survive there and preventing against certain infections. Candida yeasts are also usually present in small quantities. Most of the time, these fungi are ________. The body’s immune system keeps them in check while other microorganisms, like Lactobacilli, combat and __________ them for nutrients and territory. But under certain conditions, Candida yeasts can cause __________. One species in particular, ______ Candida albicans, is the usual culprit of _______ thrush or yeast infections, which affect 3 out of every 4 people with a vagina. So, how exactly does a yeast _________ happen?

Solution

  1. limiting
  2. bacteria
  3. vaginal
  4. harmless
  5. infections
  6. outcompete
  7. infection
  8. called

Original Text

The vagina harbors hundreds of different kinds of microorganisms. Some tend to be especially prevalent, like Lactobacilli. These bacteria produce an acid that lowers the vagina’s pH, limiting what can survive there and preventing against certain infections. Candida yeasts are also usually present in small quantities. Most of the time, these fungi are harmless. The body’s immune system keeps them in check while other microorganisms, like Lactobacilli, combat and outcompete them for nutrients and territory. But under certain conditions, Candida yeasts can cause infections. One species in particular, called Candida albicans, is the usual culprit of vaginal thrush or yeast infections, which affect 3 out of every 4 people with a vagina. So, how exactly does a yeast infection happen?

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
yeast infections 6
immune system 3
candida yeasts 2
candida albicans 2
candida cells 2
vaginal yeast 2
vaginal microbiome 2

Important Words

  1. acid
  2. affect
  3. albicans
  4. bacteria
  5. called
  6. candida
  7. check
  8. combat
  9. conditions
  10. culprit
  11. fungi
  12. happen
  13. harbors
  14. harmless
  15. hundreds
  16. immune
  17. infection
  18. infections
  19. kinds
  20. lactobacilli
  21. limiting
  22. lowers
  23. microorganisms
  24. nutrients
  25. outcompete
  26. people
  27. ph
  28. present
  29. prevalent
  30. preventing
  31. produce
  32. quantities
  33. small
  34. species
  35. survive
  36. system
  37. tend
  38. territory
  39. thrush
  40. time
  41. usual
  42. vagina
  43. vaginal
  44. yeast
  45. yeasts