full transcript

## Unscramble the Blue Letters

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very smlipe machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with tmaur Kushner, my stndeut. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the dtceeotr. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only atvcitae two out of six tmeis. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other sreagtty. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the oecbjt on top of the detector.

## Open Cloze

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very ______ machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with _____ Kushner, my _______. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the ________. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only ________ two out of six _____. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other ________. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the ______ on top of the detector.

1. strategy
2. detector
3. simple
4. activate
5. object
6. student
7. tumar
8. times

## Original Text

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very simple machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with Tumar Kushner, my student. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the detector. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only activate two out of six times. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other strategy. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the object on top of the detector.

## Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
young children 6
raw broccoli 2
long time 2
profound fact 2
caledonian crow 2
open mouths 2
beautifully suited 2
big disadvantage 2
brilliant butterflies 2
powerful learning 2
machine learning 2
complicated calculations 2
pay attention 2

1. activate
2. asked
3. babies
4. bit
5. blicket
6. block
7. box
8. called
9. detector
10. dozens
11. effective
12. evidence
13. gave
14. good
15. hypothesis
16. kushner
17. lab
18. learning
19. lights
20. machine
21. mention
22. music
23. object
24. pattern
25. plays
26. put
27. showed
28. showing
29. simple
30. strange
31. strategy
32. stronger
33. student
34. studies
35. test
36. times
37. top
38. tumar
39. wave
40. waving
41. works
42. world