full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alison Gopnik: What do babies think?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very smlipe machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with tmaur Kushner, my stndeut. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the dtceeotr. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only atvcitae two out of six tmeis. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other sreagtty. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the oecbjt on top of the detector.

Open Cloze

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very ______ machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with _____ Kushner, my _______. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the ________. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only ________ two out of six _____. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other ________. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the ______ on top of the detector.

Solution

  1. strategy
  2. detector
  3. simple
  4. activate
  5. object
  6. student
  7. tumar
  8. times

Original Text

So to test this we used a machine that we have called the Blicket Detector. This is a box that lights up and plays music when you put some things on it and not others. And using this very simple machine, my lab and others have done dozens of studies showing just how good babies are at learning about the world. Let me mention just one that we did with Tumar Kushner, my student. If I showed you this detector, you would be likely to think to begin with that the way to make the detector go would be to put a block on top of the detector. But actually, this detector works in a bit of a strange way. Because if you wave a block over the top of the detector, something you wouldn't ever think of to begin with, the detector will actually activate two out of three times. Whereas, if you do the likely thing, put the block on the detector, it will only activate two out of six times. So the unlikely hypothesis actually has stronger evidence. It looks as if the waving is a more effective strategy than the other strategy. So we did just this; we gave four year-olds this pattern of evidence, and we just asked them to make it go. And sure enough, the four year-olds used the evidence to wave the object on top of the detector.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
young children 6
raw broccoli 2
long time 2
profound fact 2
caledonian crow 2
open mouths 2
beautifully suited 2
big disadvantage 2
brilliant butterflies 2
powerful learning 2
machine learning 2
complicated calculations 2
pay attention 2

Important Words

  1. activate
  2. asked
  3. babies
  4. bit
  5. blicket
  6. block
  7. box
  8. called
  9. detector
  10. dozens
  11. effective
  12. evidence
  13. gave
  14. good
  15. hypothesis
  16. kushner
  17. lab
  18. learning
  19. lights
  20. machine
  21. mention
  22. music
  23. object
  24. pattern
  25. plays
  26. put
  27. showed
  28. showing
  29. simple
  30. strange
  31. strategy
  32. stronger
  33. student
  34. studies
  35. test
  36. times
  37. top
  38. tumar
  39. wave
  40. waving
  41. works
  42. world