full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Matthias M├╝llenbeck: What if we paid doctors to keep people healthy?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Take cancer. One of the biggest problems in certain oncological diseases is that a large number of patients is diagnosed too late to allow them to be cured, although the drgus and treatments that could potentially have cured them are already existing today, if the disease had only been detected earlier. New technologies allow now, baesd on a few milliliters of blood, to detect the presence of circulating tumor DNA and thus, the presence of cancer, early on in a really convenient manner. The impcat that this early-stage detection can have may be dramatic. The five-year savvuril rate for non-small cell lung ceacnr when diagnosed at stage one, which is early, is 49 pcreent. The same, when diagnosed at stage four, which is late, is below one percent. Being potentially able to prevent a large number of deaths by something as simple as a boold test for circulating tmour DNA could make certain cancer types a manageable disease, as disease onset can be detected earlier and ptoisvie ttamreent outcomes can likely be icsernaed.

Open Cloze

Take cancer. One of the biggest problems in certain oncological diseases is that a large number of patients is diagnosed too late to allow them to be cured, although the _____ and treatments that could potentially have cured them are already existing today, if the disease had only been detected earlier. New technologies allow now, _____ on a few milliliters of blood, to detect the presence of circulating tumor DNA and thus, the presence of cancer, early on in a really convenient manner. The ______ that this early-stage detection can have may be dramatic. The five-year ________ rate for non-small cell lung ______ when diagnosed at stage one, which is early, is 49 _______. The same, when diagnosed at stage four, which is late, is below one percent. Being potentially able to prevent a large number of deaths by something as simple as a _____ test for circulating _____ DNA could make certain cancer types a manageable disease, as disease onset can be detected earlier and ________ _________ outcomes can likely be _________.

Solution

  1. based
  2. drugs
  3. blood
  4. tumor
  5. cancer
  6. percent
  7. treatment
  8. increased
  9. survival
  10. positive
  11. impact

Original Text

Take cancer. One of the biggest problems in certain oncological diseases is that a large number of patients is diagnosed too late to allow them to be cured, although the drugs and treatments that could potentially have cured them are already existing today, if the disease had only been detected earlier. New technologies allow now, based on a few milliliters of blood, to detect the presence of circulating tumor DNA and thus, the presence of cancer, early on in a really convenient manner. The impact that this early-stage detection can have may be dramatic. The five-year survival rate for non-small cell lung cancer when diagnosed at stage one, which is early, is 49 percent. The same, when diagnosed at stage four, which is late, is below one percent. Being potentially able to prevent a large number of deaths by something as simple as a blood test for circulating tumor DNA could make certain cancer types a manageable disease, as disease onset can be detected earlier and positive treatment outcomes can likely be increased.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
health care 12
care system 6
health data 4
care systems 3
medical companies 3
circulating tumor 3
tumor dna 3
implant surgery 2
treatment options 2
reimburse practitioners 2
incentive structure 2
single individual 2
health fee 2
insurance company 2
medical interventions 2
disease onset 2
large number 2
detected earlier 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
health care system 5
health care systems 3
circulating tumor dna 3

Important Words

  1. based
  2. biggest
  3. blood
  4. cancer
  5. cell
  6. circulating
  7. convenient
  8. cured
  9. deaths
  10. detect
  11. detected
  12. detection
  13. diagnosed
  14. disease
  15. diseases
  16. dna
  17. dramatic
  18. drugs
  19. earlier
  20. early
  21. existing
  22. impact
  23. increased
  24. large
  25. late
  26. lung
  27. manageable
  28. manner
  29. milliliters
  30. number
  31. oncological
  32. onset
  33. outcomes
  34. patients
  35. percent
  36. positive
  37. potentially
  38. presence
  39. prevent
  40. problems
  41. rate
  42. simple
  43. stage
  44. survival
  45. technologies
  46. test
  47. today
  48. treatment
  49. treatments
  50. tumor
  51. types