full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Lina Marieth Hoyos: What is the coldest thing in the world?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The clsodet materials in the world aren’t in Antarctica. They’re not at the top of Mount Everest or buried in a glacier. They’re in physics labs: clouds of gases held just fractions of a degree above astoblue zero. That’s 395 million times colder than your refrigerator, 100 million times colder than liquid nitrogen, and 4 million times colder than outer sapce. Temperatures this low give setistincs a wondiw into the inner workings of matter, and allow engineers to bulid idrenilcby sensitive instruments that tell us more about everything from our exact position on the planet to what’s happening in the farthest reaches of the universe.

Open Cloze

The _______ materials in the world aren’t in Antarctica. They’re not at the top of Mount Everest or buried in a glacier. They’re in physics labs: clouds of gases held just fractions of a degree above ________ zero. That’s 395 million times colder than your refrigerator, 100 million times colder than liquid nitrogen, and 4 million times colder than outer _____. Temperatures this low give __________ a ______ into the inner workings of matter, and allow engineers to _____ __________ sensitive instruments that tell us more about everything from our exact position on the planet to what’s happening in the farthest reaches of the universe.

Solution

  1. incredibly
  2. scientists
  3. space
  4. coldest
  5. build
  6. absolute
  7. window

Original Text

The coldest materials in the world aren’t in Antarctica. They’re not at the top of Mount Everest or buried in a glacier. They’re in physics labs: clouds of gases held just fractions of a degree above absolute zero. That’s 395 million times colder than your refrigerator, 100 million times colder than liquid nitrogen, and 4 million times colder than outer space. Temperatures this low give scientists a window into the inner workings of matter, and allow engineers to build incredibly sensitive instruments that tell us more about everything from our exact position on the planet to what’s happening in the farthest reaches of the universe.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
laser beam 4
million times 3
times colder 3
outer space 2
incredibly sensitive 2
hot object 2
cool atoms 2
laser cooling 2
cold atoms 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
million times colder 3

Important Words

  1. absolute
  2. antarctica
  3. build
  4. buried
  5. clouds
  6. colder
  7. coldest
  8. degree
  9. engineers
  10. everest
  11. exact
  12. farthest
  13. fractions
  14. gases
  15. give
  16. glacier
  17. happening
  18. held
  19. incredibly
  20. instruments
  21. liquid
  22. materials
  23. matter
  24. million
  25. mount
  26. nitrogen
  27. outer
  28. physics
  29. planet
  30. position
  31. reaches
  32. refrigerator
  33. scientists
  34. sensitive
  35. space
  36. temperatures
  37. times
  38. top
  39. universe
  40. window
  41. workings
  42. world