full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Martin Hilpert: What makes a language... a language?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So, when is a form of speech considered a dialect versus a language? It seems reasonable that the degree of mutual intelligibility would determine whether two ways of speaking are classified as separate languages or as dtceilas of the same language. But as we've seen, there are many occasions where this is not the case. Perhaps srgrpisnliuy, the ditoiitsncn between a language and a dialect usually has nothing to do with ptuniooraincn, vocabulary, or any other linguistic features. However, it’s not coincidental, either. It’s a meattr of politics.

Open Cloze

So, when is a form of speech considered a dialect versus a language? It seems reasonable that the degree of mutual intelligibility would determine whether two ways of speaking are classified as separate languages or as ________ of the same language. But as we've seen, there are many occasions where this is not the case. Perhaps ____________, the ___________ between a language and a dialect usually has nothing to do with _____________, vocabulary, or any other linguistic features. However, it’s not coincidental, either. It’s a ______ of politics.

Solution

  1. pronunciation
  2. matter
  3. surprisingly
  4. distinction
  5. dialects

Original Text

So, when is a form of speech considered a dialect versus a language? It seems reasonable that the degree of mutual intelligibility would determine whether two ways of speaking are classified as separate languages or as dialects of the same language. But as we've seen, there are many occasions where this is not the case. Perhaps surprisingly, the distinction between a language and a dialect usually has nothing to do with pronunciation, vocabulary, or any other linguistic features. However, it’s not coincidental, either. It’s a matter of politics.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
regional dialects 2
nation states 2
standard italian 2
landlords responded 2

Important Words

  1. case
  2. classified
  3. coincidental
  4. considered
  5. degree
  6. determine
  7. dialect
  8. dialects
  9. distinction
  10. features
  11. form
  12. intelligibility
  13. language
  14. languages
  15. linguistic
  16. matter
  17. mutual
  18. occasions
  19. politics
  20. pronunciation
  21. reasonable
  22. separate
  23. speaking
  24. speech
  25. surprisingly
  26. vocabulary
  27. ways