full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Carolyn Bertozzi: What the sugar coating on your cells is trying to tell you

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So, one of the changes that we study is an increase in the density of a particular sugar that's claeld sialic acid. And I think this is going to be one of the most iatmponrt sargus of our times, so I would encourage everybody to get familiar with this word. siliac acid is not the kind of sugar that we eat. Those are different sugars. This is a kind of sagur that is actually found at certain leevls on all of the cells in your body. It's actually quite common on your cells. But for some reason, cancer cells, at least in a successful, progressive disease, tend to have more sialic acid than a normal, healthy cell would have. And why? What does that mean? Well, what we've learned is that it has to do with your immune system.

Open Cloze

So, one of the changes that we study is an increase in the density of a particular sugar that's ______ sialic acid. And I think this is going to be one of the most _________ ______ of our times, so I would encourage everybody to get familiar with this word. ______ acid is not the kind of sugar that we eat. Those are different sugars. This is a kind of _____ that is actually found at certain ______ on all of the cells in your body. It's actually quite common on your cells. But for some reason, cancer cells, at least in a successful, progressive disease, tend to have more sialic acid than a normal, healthy cell would have. And why? What does that mean? Well, what we've learned is that it has to do with your immune system.

Solution

  1. levels
  2. called
  3. sugars
  4. sialic
  5. important
  6. sugar

Original Text

So, one of the changes that we study is an increase in the density of a particular sugar that's called sialic acid. And I think this is going to be one of the most important sugars of our times, so I would encourage everybody to get familiar with this word. Sialic acid is not the kind of sugar that we eat. Those are different sugars. This is a kind of sugar that is actually found at certain levels on all of the cells in your body. It's actually quite common on your cells. But for some reason, cancer cells, at least in a successful, progressive disease, tend to have more sialic acid than a normal, healthy cell would have. And why? What does that mean? Well, what we've learned is that it has to do with your immune system.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
blood type 9
immune system 7
cancer cell 4
immune cells 4
sugar coating 3
sialic acid 3
immune cell 3
complex sugars 2
cancer cells 2

Important Words

  1. acid
  2. body
  3. called
  4. cancer
  5. cell
  6. cells
  7. common
  8. density
  9. disease
  10. eat
  11. encourage
  12. familiar
  13. healthy
  14. immune
  15. important
  16. increase
  17. kind
  18. learned
  19. levels
  20. normal
  21. progressive
  22. reason
  23. sialic
  24. study
  25. successful
  26. sugar
  27. sugars
  28. system
  29. tend
  30. times
  31. word