full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Lisa Genova: What you can do to prevent Alzheimer's"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

How many people here are 40 yreas old or older? You're afraid to admit it now. This initial step into the disease, this presence of amyloid plaques aciumctnlaug, can already be found in your brains. The only way we could be sure of this would be through a PET scan, because at this point, you are blissfully unaware. You're not shiwong any impairments in memory, language, or cognition ... yet. We think it takes at least 15 to 20 years of almoyid plaque accumulation before it reaches a tipping point, then tgiierrngg a molecular cascade that causes the caniicll symptoms of the disease. Prior to the tipping point, your lapses in mmorey might include things like, "Why did I come in this room?" or "Oh ... what's his name?" or "Where did I put my keys?"

Open Cloze

How many people here are 40 _____ old or older? You're afraid to admit it now. This initial step into the disease, this presence of amyloid plaques ____________, can already be found in your brains. The only way we could be sure of this would be through a PET scan, because at this point, you are blissfully unaware. You're not _______ any impairments in memory, language, or cognition ... yet. We think it takes at least 15 to 20 years of _______ plaque accumulation before it reaches a tipping point, then __________ a molecular cascade that causes the ________ symptoms of the disease. Prior to the tipping point, your lapses in ______ might include things like, "Why did I come in this room?" or "Oh ... what's his name?" or "Where did I put my keys?"

Solution

  1. amyloid
  2. showing
  3. accumulating
  4. years
  5. clinical
  6. memory
  7. triggering

Original Text

How many people here are 40 years old or older? You're afraid to admit it now. This initial step into the disease, this presence of amyloid plaques accumulating, can already be found in your brains. The only way we could be sure of this would be through a PET scan, because at this point, you are blissfully unaware. You're not showing any impairments in memory, language, or cognition ... yet. We think it takes at least 15 to 20 years of amyloid plaque accumulation before it reaches a tipping point, then triggering a molecular cascade that causes the clinical symptoms of the disease. Prior to the tipping point, your lapses in memory might include things like, "Why did I come in this room?" or "Oh ... what's his name?" or "Where did I put my keys?"

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
tipping point 9
amyloid plaques 8
amyloid beta 7
cognitive reserve 4
scale arm 3

Important Words

  1. accumulating
  2. accumulation
  3. admit
  4. afraid
  5. amyloid
  6. blissfully
  7. brains
  8. cascade
  9. clinical
  10. cognition
  11. disease
  12. impairments
  13. include
  14. initial
  15. keys
  16. language
  17. lapses
  18. memory
  19. molecular
  20. older
  21. people
  22. pet
  23. plaque
  24. plaques
  25. point
  26. presence
  27. prior
  28. put
  29. reaches
  30. room
  31. scan
  32. showing
  33. step
  34. symptoms
  35. takes
  36. tipping
  37. triggering
  38. unaware
  39. years