full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Jen Gunter: What you should know about opioids and painkillers

Unscramble the Blue Letters

In the body, pain is created by multiple chemical signals and receptors, and different medications can target different parts of that pain pathway. Medications like acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, or ndnesioroatl anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, like ibuprofen, aiipsrn and naproxen, all treat pain in different ways from opioids. Opioids work by binding to and activating the opioid receptors located throughout the body, blocking pain signals. This activation also triggers the rselaee of dopamine, a hnrmooe associated with pleasure. So in aitodidn to pain relief, some people can feel rexlaed or even euphoric. In higher doses, oiodips can affect cognition and even breathing.

Open Cloze

In the body, pain is created by multiple chemical signals and receptors, and different medications can target different parts of that pain pathway. Medications like acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, or ____________ anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, like ibuprofen, _______ and naproxen, all treat pain in different ways from opioids. Opioids work by binding to and activating the opioid receptors located throughout the body, blocking pain signals. This activation also triggers the _______ of dopamine, a _______ associated with pleasure. So in ________ to pain relief, some people can feel _______ or even euphoric. In higher doses, _______ can affect cognition and even breathing.

Solution

  1. aspirin
  2. relaxed
  3. opioids
  4. addition
  5. hormone
  6. release
  7. nonsteroidal

Original Text

In the body, pain is created by multiple chemical signals and receptors, and different medications can target different parts of that pain pathway. Medications like acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, like ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen, all treat pain in different ways from opioids. Opioids work by binding to and activating the opioid receptors located throughout the body, blocking pain signals. This activation also triggers the release of dopamine, a hormone associated with pleasure. So in addition to pain relief, some people can feel relaxed or even euphoric. In higher doses, opioids can affect cognition and even breathing.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
opioid receptors 2

Important Words

  1. acetaminophen
  2. activating
  3. activation
  4. addition
  5. affect
  6. aspirin
  7. binding
  8. blocking
  9. body
  10. breathing
  11. chemical
  12. cognition
  13. created
  14. dopamine
  15. doses
  16. drugs
  17. euphoric
  18. feel
  19. higher
  20. hormone
  21. ibuprofen
  22. located
  23. medications
  24. multiple
  25. naproxen
  26. nonsteroidal
  27. nsaids
  28. opioid
  29. opioids
  30. pain
  31. parts
  32. pathway
  33. people
  34. pleasure
  35. receptors
  36. relaxed
  37. release
  38. relief
  39. signals
  40. target
  41. treat
  42. triggers
  43. tylenol
  44. ways
  45. work