full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Matt Ridley: When ideas have sex

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Ask yourself how long you would have to work to provide for yourself an hour of reading light this evening to read a book by. If you had to start from srcacth, let's say you go out into the countryside. You find a seehp. You kill it. You get the fat out of it. You render it down. You make a candle, etc. etc. How long is it going to take you? Quite a long time. How long do you actually have to work to earn an hour of reading light if you're on the average wage in Britain today? And the aewnsr is about half a second. Back in 1950, you would have had to work for eight seconds on the average wage to acquire that much lhgit. And that's seven and a half seconds of prosperity that you've gieand since 1950, as it were, because that's seven and a half seconds in which you can do something else, or you can aucqrie another good or svceire. And back in 1880, it would have been 15 minutes to earn that amount of light on the average wage. Back in 1800, you'd have had to work six hours to earn a candle that could burn for an hour. In other words, the average person on the average wage could not aforfd a cdnale in 1800.

Open Cloze

Ask yourself how long you would have to work to provide for yourself an hour of reading light this evening to read a book by. If you had to start from _______, let's say you go out into the countryside. You find a _____. You kill it. You get the fat out of it. You render it down. You make a candle, etc. etc. How long is it going to take you? Quite a long time. How long do you actually have to work to earn an hour of reading light if you're on the average wage in Britain today? And the ______ is about half a second. Back in 1950, you would have had to work for eight seconds on the average wage to acquire that much _____. And that's seven and a half seconds of prosperity that you've ______ since 1950, as it were, because that's seven and a half seconds in which you can do something else, or you can _______ another good or _______. And back in 1880, it would have been 15 minutes to earn that amount of light on the average wage. Back in 1800, you'd have had to work six hours to earn a candle that could burn for an hour. In other words, the average person on the average wage could not ______ a ______ in 1800.

Solution

  1. answer
  2. afford
  3. candle
  4. acquire
  5. service
  6. light
  7. gained
  8. sheep
  9. scratch

Original Text

Ask yourself how long you would have to work to provide for yourself an hour of reading light this evening to read a book by. If you had to start from scratch, let's say you go out into the countryside. You find a sheep. You kill it. You get the fat out of it. You render it down. You make a candle, etc. etc. How long is it going to take you? Quite a long time. How long do you actually have to work to earn an hour of reading light if you're on the average wage in Britain today? And the answer is about half a second. Back in 1950, you would have had to work for eight seconds on the average wage to acquire that much light. And that's seven and a half seconds of prosperity that you've gained since 1950, as it were, because that's seven and a half seconds in which you can do something else, or you can acquire another good or service. And back in 1880, it would have been 15 minutes to earn that amount of light on the average wage. Back in 1800, you'd have had to work six hours to earn a candle that could burn for an hour. In other words, the average person on the average wage could not afford a candle in 1800.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
million years 4
average wage 4
computer mouse 3
sexual division 3
average person 2
graph represents 2
human beings 2
making objects 2
homo erectus 2
human hand 2
reading light 2
people working 2
louis xiv 2
living standards 2
stone axes 2
tierra del 2
del fuego 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
tierra del fuego 2

Important Words

  1. acquire
  2. afford
  3. amount
  4. answer
  5. average
  6. book
  7. britain
  8. burn
  9. candle
  10. countryside
  11. earn
  12. evening
  13. fat
  14. find
  15. gained
  16. good
  17. hour
  18. hours
  19. kill
  20. light
  21. long
  22. minutes
  23. person
  24. prosperity
  25. provide
  26. read
  27. reading
  28. render
  29. scratch
  30. seconds
  31. service
  32. sheep
  33. start
  34. time
  35. today
  36. wage
  37. words
  38. work