full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Luka Seamus Wright and Imogen Ellen Napper: Which bag should you use?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Let’s start with plastic. The typical thin and flimsy plastic bag is made of high-density phenyytollee, commonly known as HDPE. picnorudg this material requires extracting peotrluem from the ground and applying extreme heat. The resulting polymer resin is then transported alongside additional irnientdegs like titanium oxide and chalk to a bag manufacturing plant. Here, coal proewed machines melt the materials down and spin them into sheets of plastic, which are then folded into bags. By the time a bag rheecas its final dsaieionttn, it’s contributed an estimated 1.6 kg of carbon ddioixe to the atmosphere.

Open Cloze

Let’s start with plastic. The typical thin and flimsy plastic bag is made of high-density ____________, commonly known as HDPE. _________ this material requires extracting _________ from the ground and applying extreme heat. The resulting polymer resin is then transported alongside additional ___________ like titanium oxide and chalk to a bag manufacturing plant. Here, coal _______ machines melt the materials down and spin them into sheets of plastic, which are then folded into bags. By the time a bag _______ its final ___________, it’s contributed an estimated 1.6 kg of carbon _______ to the atmosphere.

Solution

  1. powered
  2. ingredients
  3. producing
  4. polyethylene
  5. reaches
  6. dioxide
  7. petroleum
  8. destination

Original Text

Let’s start with plastic. The typical thin and flimsy plastic bag is made of high-density polyethylene, commonly known as HDPE. Producing this material requires extracting petroleum from the ground and applying extreme heat. The resulting polymer resin is then transported alongside additional ingredients like titanium oxide and chalk to a bag manufacturing plant. Here, coal powered machines melt the materials down and spin them into sheets of plastic, which are then folded into bags. By the time a bag reaches its final destination, it’s contributed an estimated 1.6 kg of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
plastic bags 4
carbon footprint 4
paper bag 3
cotton tote 3
environmental impact 3
carbon dioxide 3
plastic bag 2
paper bags 2
hdpe bags 2

Important Words

  1. additional
  2. applying
  3. atmosphere
  4. bag
  5. bags
  6. carbon
  7. chalk
  8. coal
  9. commonly
  10. contributed
  11. destination
  12. dioxide
  13. estimated
  14. extracting
  15. extreme
  16. final
  17. flimsy
  18. folded
  19. ground
  20. hdpe
  21. heat
  22. ingredients
  23. kg
  24. machines
  25. manufacturing
  26. material
  27. materials
  28. melt
  29. oxide
  30. petroleum
  31. plant
  32. plastic
  33. polyethylene
  34. polymer
  35. powered
  36. producing
  37. reaches
  38. requires
  39. resin
  40. resulting
  41. sheets
  42. spin
  43. start
  44. thin
  45. time
  46. titanium
  47. transported
  48. typical