full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Anna Babel: Who counts as a speaker of a language?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Maybe it's not just about how well you sapek a language. Maybe it's also about what age you start learning that language. But when we look at kids who speak Spanish at home but mostly English at work or in school, they often feel like they don't speak either laugagne really well. They sometimes feel like they exist in a state of lgsslnneeaseuags, because they don't feel fully comfortable in Spanish at school, and they don't feel fully comfortable in English at home. We have this really strong idea that in order to be a good bilingual, we have to be two mogaunllnois in one body. But lnugitsis know that's not really how bilingualism works. It's actually much more common for polpee to specialize, to use one language in one place and another language in another place.

Open Cloze

Maybe it's not just about how well you _____ a language. Maybe it's also about what age you start learning that language. But when we look at kids who speak Spanish at home but mostly English at work or in school, they often feel like they don't speak either ________ really well. They sometimes feel like they exist in a state of ________________, because they don't feel fully comfortable in Spanish at school, and they don't feel fully comfortable in English at home. We have this really strong idea that in order to be a good bilingual, we have to be two ____________ in one body. But _________ know that's not really how bilingualism works. It's actually much more common for ______ to specialize, to use one language in one place and another language in another place.

Solution

  1. languagelessness
  2. speak
  3. people
  4. linguists
  5. monolinguals
  6. language

Original Text

Maybe it's not just about how well you speak a language. Maybe it's also about what age you start learning that language. But when we look at kids who speak Spanish at home but mostly English at work or in school, they often feel like they don't speak either language really well. They sometimes feel like they exist in a state of languagelessness, because they don't feel fully comfortable in Spanish at school, and they don't feel fully comfortable in English at home. We have this really strong idea that in order to be a good bilingual, we have to be two monolinguals in one body. But linguists know that's not really how bilingualism works. It's actually much more common for people to specialize, to use one language in one place and another language in another place.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
social categories 6
speak spanish 5
spanish speaker 4
quechua speaker 3
clear differences 3
feel fully 2
fully comfortable 2
ethnic categories 2
quechua speakers 2
making clear 2
asian face 2
understand language 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
feel fully comfortable 2

Important Words

  1. age
  2. bilingual
  3. bilingualism
  4. body
  5. comfortable
  6. common
  7. english
  8. exist
  9. feel
  10. fully
  11. good
  12. home
  13. idea
  14. kids
  15. language
  16. languagelessness
  17. learning
  18. linguists
  19. monolinguals
  20. order
  21. people
  22. place
  23. school
  24. spanish
  25. speak
  26. specialize
  27. start
  28. state
  29. strong
  30. work
  31. works