full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Anjali Tripathi: Why Earth may someday look like Mars

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So using this technique, we've actually been able to discover a few transiting exoplanets that are undergoing aeihopmrstc escape. And these planets can be called hot Jupiters, for some of the ones we've found. And that's because they're gas planets like Jupiter, but they're so close to their star, about a hundred times closer than Jupiter. And because there's all this liwgeihhtgt gas that's ready to escape, and all this heating from the star, you have completely catastrophic rates of atmospheric escape. So unlike our 400 pounds per minute of hogeyrdn being lost on etarh, for these planets, you're losing 1.3 billion poduns of hydrogen every mtiune.

Open Cloze

So using this technique, we've actually been able to discover a few transiting exoplanets that are undergoing ___________ escape. And these planets can be called hot Jupiters, for some of the ones we've found. And that's because they're gas planets like Jupiter, but they're so close to their star, about a hundred times closer than Jupiter. And because there's all this ___________ gas that's ready to escape, and all this heating from the star, you have completely catastrophic rates of atmospheric escape. So unlike our 400 pounds per minute of ________ being lost on _____, for these planets, you're losing 1.3 billion ______ of hydrogen every ______.

Solution

  1. hydrogen
  2. lightweight
  3. earth
  4. pounds
  5. minute
  6. atmospheric

Original Text

So using this technique, we've actually been able to discover a few transiting exoplanets that are undergoing atmospheric escape. And these planets can be called hot Jupiters, for some of the ones we've found. And that's because they're gas planets like Jupiter, but they're so close to their star, about a hundred times closer than Jupiter. And because there's all this lightweight gas that's ready to escape, and all this heating from the star, you have completely catastrophic rates of atmospheric escape. So unlike our 400 pounds per minute of hydrogen being lost on Earth, for these planets, you're losing 1.3 billion pounds of hydrogen every minute.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
atmospheric escape 16
transiting exoplanets 3
undergoing atmospheric 2
red circle 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
undergoing atmospheric escape 2

Important Words

  1. atmospheric
  2. billion
  3. called
  4. catastrophic
  5. close
  6. closer
  7. completely
  8. discover
  9. earth
  10. escape
  11. exoplanets
  12. gas
  13. heating
  14. hot
  15. hydrogen
  16. jupiter
  17. jupiters
  18. lightweight
  19. losing
  20. lost
  21. minute
  22. planets
  23. pounds
  24. rates
  25. ready
  26. star
  27. technique
  28. times
  29. transiting
  30. undergoing