full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Fredros Okumu: Why I study the most dangerous animal on earth -- mosquitoes

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Fredros Okumu: To answer this question, let's start from what the problem is. First of all, we're talking about a disease that still kills — according to the lastet figures we have from WHO — 429,000 people. Most of these are African chlirden. Of course, we've made progress, there are countries that have achieved up to 50-60 percent rcdeiotun in malaria burden. But we still have to do more to get to zero. There is already proof of plpiirnce that gene-editing tnqiecuehs, such as CRISPR, can be used effectively to transform mosquitoes so that either they do not transmit malaria — we call this population alteration — or that they no longer exist, population seuispsrpon. This is already proven in the lab.

Open Cloze

Fredros Okumu: To answer this question, let's start from what the problem is. First of all, we're talking about a disease that still kills — according to the ______ figures we have from WHO — 429,000 people. Most of these are African ________. Of course, we've made progress, there are countries that have achieved up to 50-60 percent _________ in malaria burden. But we still have to do more to get to zero. There is already proof of _________ that gene-editing __________, such as CRISPR, can be used effectively to transform mosquitoes so that either they do not transmit malaria — we call this population alteration — or that they no longer exist, population ___________. This is already proven in the lab.

Solution

  1. reduction
  2. children
  3. suppression
  4. latest
  5. principle
  6. techniques

Original Text

Fredros Okumu: To answer this question, let's start from what the problem is. First of all, we're talking about a disease that still kills — according to the latest figures we have from WHO — 429,000 people. Most of these are African children. Of course, we've made progress, there are countries that have achieved up to 50-60 percent reduction in malaria burden. But we still have to do more to get to zero. There is already proof of principle that gene-editing techniques, such as CRISPR, can be used effectively to transform mosquitoes so that either they do not transmit malaria — we call this population alteration — or that they no longer exist, population suppression. This is already proven in the lab.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
ifakara health 2
carrying malaria 2
dangerous animal 2
eliminate malaria 2
transmit malaria 2

Important Words

  1. achieved
  2. african
  3. alteration
  4. answer
  5. burden
  6. call
  7. children
  8. countries
  9. crispr
  10. disease
  11. effectively
  12. exist
  13. figures
  14. fredros
  15. kills
  16. lab
  17. latest
  18. longer
  19. malaria
  20. mosquitoes
  21. people
  22. percent
  23. population
  24. principle
  25. problem
  26. progress
  27. proof
  28. proven
  29. question
  30. reduction
  31. start
  32. suppression
  33. talking
  34. techniques
  35. transform
  36. transmit