full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Marla Spivak: Why bees are disappearing

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But the ironic thing is that bees are not out there plaitnnoilg our food intentionally. They're out there because they need to eat. Bees get all of the protein they need in their diet from pollen and all of the carbohydrates they need from nectar. They're flower-feeders, and as they move from folewr to flower, basically on a shopping trip at the local floral mart, they end up providing this valualbe pollination service. In parts of the world where there are no bees, or where they plant varieties that are not attractive to bees, people are paid to do the business of pollination by hand. These plpoee are moving pollen from flower to flower with a pnusbraith. Now this business of hand pollination is actually not that uncommon. Tomato growers often pollinate their tomato flowres with a hand-held voibtarr. Now this one's the tomato tckleir. (Laughter) Now this is because the pollen within a tmoato flower is held very securely within the male part of the flower, the anther, and the only way to release this pollen is to vibrate it. So bumblebees are one of the few kinds of bees in the wlrod that are able to hold onto the flower and vibrate it, and they do this by shaking their flight melcuss at a frequency similar to the musical note C. So they vibrate the flower, they sonicate it, and that releases the pollen in this efficient swoosh, and the pollen gathers all over the fzzuy bee's body, and she takes it home as food. Tomato growers now put bumblebee colonies inside the greenhouse to pollinate the ttooemas because they get much more efficient pinliltaoon when it's done naturally and they get better quality tomatoes.

Open Cloze

But the ironic thing is that bees are not out there ___________ our food intentionally. They're out there because they need to eat. Bees get all of the protein they need in their diet from pollen and all of the carbohydrates they need from nectar. They're flower-feeders, and as they move from ______ to flower, basically on a shopping trip at the local floral mart, they end up providing this ________ pollination service. In parts of the world where there are no bees, or where they plant varieties that are not attractive to bees, people are paid to do the business of pollination by hand. These ______ are moving pollen from flower to flower with a __________. Now this business of hand pollination is actually not that uncommon. Tomato growers often pollinate their tomato _______ with a hand-held ________. Now this one's the tomato _______. (Laughter) Now this is because the pollen within a ______ flower is held very securely within the male part of the flower, the anther, and the only way to release this pollen is to vibrate it. So bumblebees are one of the few kinds of bees in the _____ that are able to hold onto the flower and vibrate it, and they do this by shaking their flight _______ at a frequency similar to the musical note C. So they vibrate the flower, they sonicate it, and that releases the pollen in this efficient swoosh, and the pollen gathers all over the _____ bee's body, and she takes it home as food. Tomato growers now put bumblebee colonies inside the greenhouse to pollinate the ________ because they get much more efficient ___________ when it's done naturally and they get better quality tomatoes.

Solution

  1. muscles
  2. paintbrush
  3. pollination
  4. people
  5. tickler
  6. valuable
  7. tomatoes
  8. flower
  9. vibrator
  10. pollinating
  11. world
  12. fuzzy
  13. tomato
  14. flowers

Original Text

But the ironic thing is that bees are not out there pollinating our food intentionally. They're out there because they need to eat. Bees get all of the protein they need in their diet from pollen and all of the carbohydrates they need from nectar. They're flower-feeders, and as they move from flower to flower, basically on a shopping trip at the local floral mart, they end up providing this valuable pollination service. In parts of the world where there are no bees, or where they plant varieties that are not attractive to bees, people are paid to do the business of pollination by hand. These people are moving pollen from flower to flower with a paintbrush. Now this business of hand pollination is actually not that uncommon. Tomato growers often pollinate their tomato flowers with a hand-held vibrator. Now this one's the tomato tickler. (Laughter) Now this is because the pollen within a tomato flower is held very securely within the male part of the flower, the anther, and the only way to release this pollen is to vibrate it. So bumblebees are one of the few kinds of bees in the world that are able to hold onto the flower and vibrate it, and they do this by shaking their flight muscles at a frequency similar to the musical note C. So they vibrate the flower, they sonicate it, and that releases the pollen in this efficient swoosh, and the pollen gathers all over the fuzzy bee's body, and she takes it home as food. Tomato growers now put bumblebee colonies inside the greenhouse to pollinate the tomatoes because they get much more efficient pollination when it's done naturally and they get better quality tomatoes.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
world war 5
crop production 2
bee pollination 2
tomato growers 2
flowerless landscape 2
dysfunctional food 2
food system 2
million hives 2
stopped planting 2
cover crops 2
flowering plants 2
agricultural food 2
good nutrition 2
plant flowers 2
individual actions 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
dysfunctional food system 2

Important Words

  1. anther
  2. attractive
  3. basically
  4. bees
  5. body
  6. bumblebee
  7. bumblebees
  8. business
  9. carbohydrates
  10. colonies
  11. diet
  12. eat
  13. efficient
  14. flight
  15. floral
  16. flower
  17. flowers
  18. food
  19. frequency
  20. fuzzy
  21. gathers
  22. greenhouse
  23. growers
  24. hand
  25. held
  26. hold
  27. home
  28. intentionally
  29. ironic
  30. kinds
  31. laughter
  32. local
  33. male
  34. mart
  35. move
  36. moving
  37. muscles
  38. musical
  39. naturally
  40. nectar
  41. note
  42. paid
  43. paintbrush
  44. part
  45. parts
  46. people
  47. plant
  48. pollen
  49. pollinate
  50. pollinating
  51. pollination
  52. protein
  53. providing
  54. put
  55. quality
  56. release
  57. releases
  58. securely
  59. service
  60. shaking
  61. shopping
  62. similar
  63. sonicate
  64. swoosh
  65. takes
  66. tickler
  67. tomato
  68. tomatoes
  69. trip
  70. uncommon
  71. valuable
  72. varieties
  73. vibrate
  74. vibrator
  75. world