full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Grace Smith-Viduarre and Tim Wright: Why can parrots talk?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

For a parrot, however, the sound would originate in its synirx, located at the base of its wiidppne. Many other birds have two vrtinaibg membranes within this organ. But parrots, like us, have just one. As sounds leave the airway, parrots shape them using their tongues and beaks. They can do this because they have especially fxbeille, poewfrul tognues that help them manipulate seeds and nuts. And while parrots’ beaks are rigid, they have very flexible jaw joints, giving them a lot of control over how wide and how quickly they open their beaks.

Open Cloze

For a parrot, however, the sound would originate in its ______, located at the base of its ________. Many other birds have two _________ membranes within this organ. But parrots, like us, have just one. As sounds leave the airway, parrots shape them using their tongues and beaks. They can do this because they have especially ________, ________ _______ that help them manipulate seeds and nuts. And while parrots’ beaks are rigid, they have very flexible jaw joints, giving them a lot of control over how wide and how quickly they open their beaks.

Solution

  1. vibrating
  2. flexible
  3. tongues
  4. syrinx
  5. windpipe
  6. powerful

Original Text

For a parrot, however, the sound would originate in its syrinx, located at the base of its windpipe. Many other birds have two vibrating membranes within this organ. But parrots, like us, have just one. As sounds leave the airway, parrots shape them using their tongues and beaks. They can do this because they have especially flexible, powerful tongues that help them manipulate seeds and nuts. And while parrots’ beaks are rigid, they have very flexible jaw joints, giving them a lot of control over how wide and how quickly they open their beaks.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
contact calls 3
british accent 2

Important Words

  1. airway
  2. base
  3. beaks
  4. birds
  5. control
  6. flexible
  7. giving
  8. jaw
  9. joints
  10. leave
  11. located
  12. lot
  13. manipulate
  14. membranes
  15. nuts
  16. open
  17. organ
  18. originate
  19. parrot
  20. parrots
  21. powerful
  22. quickly
  23. rigid
  24. seeds
  25. shape
  26. sound
  27. sounds
  28. syrinx
  29. tongues
  30. vibrating
  31. wide
  32. windpipe