full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Kaitlyn Sadtler and Heather J. Faust: Why haven't we cured arthritis?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Yet another condition, sarydtrlotipnoihs, has similarities to both of the conditions we’ve covered. Patients experience continuous inflammation in the joints and at the steis where litgamens and tnnedos attcah to bones, even without any initial injury. This leads to the flood of enzymes and degradation seen in osteoarthritis, but is driven by different inflammatory proteins cllead cytokines. As the enzymes eat away at cartilage, the body attempts to stabilize smaller joints by fisnug them together. This process sometimes leads to outgrowths called bone spurs, which also cause intense stiffness and joint pain.

Open Cloze

Yet another condition, _________________, has similarities to both of the conditions we’ve covered. Patients experience continuous inflammation in the joints and at the _____ where _________ and _______ ______ to bones, even without any initial injury. This leads to the flood of enzymes and degradation seen in osteoarthritis, but is driven by different inflammatory proteins ______ cytokines. As the enzymes eat away at cartilage, the body attempts to stabilize smaller joints by ______ them together. This process sometimes leads to outgrowths called bone spurs, which also cause intense stiffness and joint pain.

Solution

  1. ligaments
  2. attach
  3. tendons
  4. fusing
  5. sites
  6. spondyloarthritis
  7. called

Original Text

Yet another condition, spondyloarthritis, has similarities to both of the conditions we’ve covered. Patients experience continuous inflammation in the joints and at the sites where ligaments and tendons attach to bones, even without any initial injury. This leads to the flood of enzymes and degradation seen in osteoarthritis, but is driven by different inflammatory proteins called cytokines. As the enzymes eat away at cartilage, the body attempts to stabilize smaller joints by fusing them together. This process sometimes leads to outgrowths called bone spurs, which also cause intense stiffness and joint pain.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
immune cells 3
arthritic conditions 2
joint pain 2

Important Words

  1. attach
  2. attempts
  3. body
  4. bone
  5. bones
  6. called
  7. cartilage
  8. condition
  9. conditions
  10. continuous
  11. covered
  12. cytokines
  13. degradation
  14. driven
  15. eat
  16. enzymes
  17. experience
  18. flood
  19. fusing
  20. inflammation
  21. inflammatory
  22. initial
  23. injury
  24. intense
  25. joint
  26. joints
  27. leads
  28. ligaments
  29. osteoarthritis
  30. outgrowths
  31. pain
  32. patients
  33. process
  34. proteins
  35. similarities
  36. sites
  37. smaller
  38. spondyloarthritis
  39. spurs
  40. stabilize
  41. stiffness
  42. tendons