full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Janet Iwasa: Why it's so hard to cure HIV/AIDS

Unscramble the Blue Letters

During the first stage of HIV infection, the virus rteeapilcs within helper T cells, drnsoityeg many of them in the process. During this sgtae, patients often experience flu-like symptoms, but are typically not yet in mortal danger. However, for a period ranging from a few months to several years, during which time the patient may look and feel completely hthelay, the virus continues to replicate and destroy T cells. When T cell cnouts drop too low, patients are in serious danger of contracting deadly iieotfnncs that healthy immune sysetms can normally handle. This stage of HIV infection is known as AIDS.

Open Cloze

During the first stage of HIV infection, the virus __________ within helper T cells, __________ many of them in the process. During this _____, patients often experience flu-like symptoms, but are typically not yet in mortal danger. However, for a period ranging from a few months to several years, during which time the patient may look and feel completely _______, the virus continues to replicate and destroy T cells. When T cell ______ drop too low, patients are in serious danger of contracting deadly __________ that healthy immune _______ can normally handle. This stage of HIV infection is known as AIDS.

Solution

  1. healthy
  2. replicates
  3. infections
  4. stage
  5. destroying
  6. counts
  7. systems

Original Text

During the first stage of HIV infection, the virus replicates within helper T cells, destroying many of them in the process. During this stage, patients often experience flu-like symptoms, but are typically not yet in mortal danger. However, for a period ranging from a few months to several years, during which time the patient may look and feel completely healthy, the virus continues to replicate and destroy T cells. When T cell counts drop too low, patients are in serious danger of contracting deadly infections that healthy immune systems can normally handle. This stage of HIV infection is known as AIDS.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hiv infects 2
cell counts 2
current drugs 2

Important Words

  1. aids
  2. cell
  3. cells
  4. completely
  5. continues
  6. contracting
  7. counts
  8. danger
  9. deadly
  10. destroy
  11. destroying
  12. drop
  13. experience
  14. feel
  15. handle
  16. healthy
  17. helper
  18. hiv
  19. immune
  20. infection
  21. infections
  22. months
  23. mortal
  24. patient
  25. patients
  26. period
  27. process
  28. ranging
  29. replicate
  30. replicates
  31. stage
  32. symptoms
  33. systems
  34. time
  35. typically
  36. virus
  37. years