full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alyson McGregor: Why medicine often has dangerous side effects for women

Unscramble the Blue Letters

A recent gnvoemnret Accountability study revealed that 80 percent of the drugs withdrawn from the market are due to side effects on women. So let's think about that for a minute. Why are we discovering side effects on women only after a drug has been released to the market? Do you know that it tekas years for a drug to go from an idea to being tested on cells in a laboratory, to animal studies, to then clinical trials on humans, finally to go through a regulatory approval posecrs, to be available for your dtocor to prescribe to you? Not to mention the millions and billions of dollars of funding it takes to go through that process. So why are we dicnroesivg utnebpcaacle side effects on half the population after that has gone through? What's hpninpaeg?

Open Cloze

A recent __________ Accountability study revealed that 80 percent of the drugs withdrawn from the market are due to side effects on women. So let's think about that for a minute. Why are we discovering side effects on women only after a drug has been released to the market? Do you know that it _____ years for a drug to go from an idea to being tested on cells in a laboratory, to animal studies, to then clinical trials on humans, finally to go through a regulatory approval _______, to be available for your ______ to prescribe to you? Not to mention the millions and billions of dollars of funding it takes to go through that process. So why are we ___________ ____________ side effects on half the population after that has gone through? What's _________?

Solution

  1. discovering
  2. happening
  3. doctor
  4. takes
  5. process
  6. government
  7. unacceptable

Original Text

A recent Government Accountability study revealed that 80 percent of the drugs withdrawn from the market are due to side effects on women. So let's think about that for a minute. Why are we discovering side effects on women only after a drug has been released to the market? Do you know that it takes years for a drug to go from an idea to being tested on cells in a laboratory, to animal studies, to then clinical trials on humans, finally to go through a regulatory approval process, to be available for your doctor to prescribe to you? Not to mention the millions and billions of dollars of funding it takes to go through that process. So why are we discovering unacceptable side effects on half the population after that has gone through? What's happening?

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
medical research 4
health care 4
emergency medicine 3
side effects 3
runny noses 2
clinical trials 2
motor vehicle 2
research studies 2
sex hormones 2
heart disease 2
blood vessels 2
women compared 2
give aspirin 2
called sex 2
medical care 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
medical research studies 2

Important Words

  1. accountability
  2. animal
  3. approval
  4. billions
  5. cells
  6. clinical
  7. discovering
  8. doctor
  9. dollars
  10. drug
  11. drugs
  12. due
  13. effects
  14. finally
  15. funding
  16. government
  17. happening
  18. humans
  19. idea
  20. laboratory
  21. market
  22. mention
  23. millions
  24. minute
  25. percent
  26. population
  27. prescribe
  28. process
  29. regulatory
  30. released
  31. revealed
  32. side
  33. studies
  34. study
  35. takes
  36. tested
  37. trials
  38. unacceptable
  39. withdrawn
  40. women
  41. years