full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Mathias Basner: Why noise is bad for your health -- and what you can do about it

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Yet another important effect of noise is sleep disturbance. Sleep is a very active mechanism that rrtupaeeces us and prparees us for the next wake period. A qieut bedroom is a cornerstone of what sleep researchers call "a good sleep hygiene." And our auditory sseytm has a wtachman function. It's constantly mioninotrg our environment for threats, even while we're seleipng. So noise in the bedroom can cause a dlaey in the time it tkeas us to fall asleep, it can wake us up during the night, and it can prevent our blood pressure from going down during the nihgt. We have the hypothesis that if these noise-induced sleep disturbances continue for months and years, then an increased risk for cardiovascular disease is likely the consequence. However, we are often not aware of these noise-induced sleep disturbances, because we are usnucoincos while we're sleeping. In the past, we've done studies on the effects of traffic noise on sleep, and research subjects would often wake up in the morning and say, "Ah, I had a wonderful night, I fell asleep right away, never really woke up." When we would go back to the physiological signals we had recorded during the night, we would often see numerous akiagewnns and a severely fragmented sleep structure. These awakenings were too brief for the subjects to riagen consciousness and to remember them during the next mrnoing, but they may nevertheless have a profound impact on how restful our sleep is.

Open Cloze

Yet another important effect of noise is sleep disturbance. Sleep is a very active mechanism that ___________ us and ________ us for the next wake period. A _____ bedroom is a cornerstone of what sleep researchers call "a good sleep hygiene." And our auditory ______ has a ________ function. It's constantly __________ our environment for threats, even while we're ________. So noise in the bedroom can cause a _____ in the time it _____ us to fall asleep, it can wake us up during the night, and it can prevent our blood pressure from going down during the _____. We have the hypothesis that if these noise-induced sleep disturbances continue for months and years, then an increased risk for cardiovascular disease is likely the consequence. However, we are often not aware of these noise-induced sleep disturbances, because we are ___________ while we're sleeping. In the past, we've done studies on the effects of traffic noise on sleep, and research subjects would often wake up in the morning and say, "Ah, I had a wonderful night, I fell asleep right away, never really woke up." When we would go back to the physiological signals we had recorded during the night, we would often see numerous __________ and a severely fragmented sleep structure. These awakenings were too brief for the subjects to ______ consciousness and to remember them during the next _______, but they may nevertheless have a profound impact on how restful our sleep is.

Solution

  1. sleeping
  2. watchman
  3. delay
  4. takes
  5. unconscious
  6. night
  7. recuperates
  8. prepares
  9. morning
  10. awakenings
  11. quiet
  12. monitoring
  13. system
  14. regain

Original Text

Yet another important effect of noise is sleep disturbance. Sleep is a very active mechanism that recuperates us and prepares us for the next wake period. A quiet bedroom is a cornerstone of what sleep researchers call "a good sleep hygiene." And our auditory system has a watchman function. It's constantly monitoring our environment for threats, even while we're sleeping. So noise in the bedroom can cause a delay in the time it takes us to fall asleep, it can wake us up during the night, and it can prevent our blood pressure from going down during the night. We have the hypothesis that if these noise-induced sleep disturbances continue for months and years, then an increased risk for cardiovascular disease is likely the consequence. However, we are often not aware of these noise-induced sleep disturbances, because we are unconscious while we're sleeping. In the past, we've done studies on the effects of traffic noise on sleep, and research subjects would often wake up in the morning and say, "Ah, I had a wonderful night, I fell asleep right away, never really woke up." When we would go back to the physiological signals we had recorded during the night, we would often see numerous awakenings and a severely fragmented sleep structure. These awakenings were too brief for the subjects to regain consciousness and to remember them during the next morning, but they may nevertheless have a profound impact on how restful our sleep is.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
noise levels 4
quiet spaces 3
increased risk 3
cardiovascular disease 3
noise exposure 3
noise affects 2
environmental noise 2
important effect 2
relevant noise 2
traffic noise 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
relevant noise levels 2

Important Words

  1. active
  2. asleep
  3. auditory
  4. awakenings
  5. aware
  6. bedroom
  7. blood
  8. call
  9. cardiovascular
  10. consciousness
  11. consequence
  12. constantly
  13. continue
  14. cornerstone
  15. delay
  16. disease
  17. disturbance
  18. disturbances
  19. effect
  20. effects
  21. environment
  22. fall
  23. fell
  24. fragmented
  25. function
  26. good
  27. hygiene
  28. hypothesis
  29. impact
  30. important
  31. increased
  32. mechanism
  33. monitoring
  34. months
  35. morning
  36. night
  37. noise
  38. numerous
  39. period
  40. physiological
  41. prepares
  42. pressure
  43. prevent
  44. profound
  45. quiet
  46. recorded
  47. recuperates
  48. regain
  49. remember
  50. research
  51. researchers
  52. restful
  53. risk
  54. severely
  55. signals
  56. sleep
  57. sleeping
  58. structure
  59. studies
  60. subjects
  61. system
  62. takes
  63. threats
  64. time
  65. traffic
  66. unconscious
  67. wake
  68. watchman
  69. woke
  70. wonderful
  71. years