full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Gian Giudice: Why our universe might exist on a knife-edge"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But for the meomnt, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs bsoon, are the only elementary pceirtals in nature, even at energies much larger than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a surprising and iungiitnrg result about our universe, and to explain my point, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs toerhy, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very silaimr to the phase transition that occurs when water trnus into ice below zero degrees. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the mareital, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

Open Cloze

But for the ______, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs _____, are the only elementary _________ in nature, even at energies much larger than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a surprising and __________ result about our universe, and to explain my point, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs ______, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very _______ to the phase transition that occurs when water _____ into ice below zero degrees. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the ________, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

Solution

  1. moment
  2. theory
  3. intriguing
  4. similar
  5. material
  6. turns
  7. particles
  8. boson

Original Text

But for the moment, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary particles in nature, even at energies much larger than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a surprising and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my point, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the phase transition that occurs when water turns into ice below zero degrees. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
higgs field 19
higgs boson 14
quantum tunneling 8
phase transition 7
higgs state 6
space time 5
ultra dense 5
boson mass 5
theoretical physicists 4
dense higgs 4
sand dunes 4

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
higgs boson mass 5
ultra dense higgs 4
dense higgs state 4

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
ultra dense higgs state 4

Important Words

  1. arranged
  2. bang
  3. big
  4. billionth
  5. boson
  6. case
  7. change
  8. degrees
  9. dramatic
  10. elementary
  11. energies
  12. event
  13. evidence
  14. explain
  15. explored
  16. fabric
  17. find
  18. higgs
  19. hypothesis
  20. ice
  21. including
  22. instant
  23. intriguing
  24. larger
  25. lead
  26. material
  27. molecules
  28. moment
  29. nature
  30. occurs
  31. particles
  32. phase
  33. phenomena
  34. place
  35. point
  36. result
  37. similar
  38. suppose
  39. surprising
  40. tenth
  41. theory
  42. today
  43. transition
  44. turns
  45. underwent
  46. universe
  47. water