full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Gian Giudice: Why our universe might exist on a knife-edge

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But for the mmenot, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary prltacies in nature, even at energies much laegrr than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a sinsrpirug and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my ponit, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the pshae transition that occurs when waetr turns into ice below zero degeers. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

Open Cloze

But for the ______, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary _________ in nature, even at energies much ______ than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a __________ and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my _____, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the _____ transition that occurs when _____ turns into ice below zero _______. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

Solution

  1. water
  2. moment
  3. point
  4. larger
  5. particles
  6. degrees
  7. phase
  8. surprising

Original Text

But for the moment, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary particles in nature, even at energies much larger than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a surprising and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my point, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the phase transition that occurs when water turns into ice below zero degrees. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
higgs field 16
higgs boson 12
phase transition 5
quantum tunneling 5
theoretical physicists 4
boson mass 4
sand dunes 4
intriguing result 2
long time 2
higgs state 2
higgs mass 2
slope angles 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
higgs boson mass 4

Important Words

  1. arranged
  2. bang
  3. big
  4. billionth
  5. boson
  6. case
  7. change
  8. degrees
  9. dramatic
  10. elementary
  11. energies
  12. event
  13. evidence
  14. explain
  15. explored
  16. fabric
  17. find
  18. higgs
  19. hypothesis
  20. ice
  21. including
  22. instant
  23. intriguing
  24. larger
  25. lead
  26. material
  27. molecules
  28. moment
  29. nature
  30. occurs
  31. particles
  32. phase
  33. phenomena
  34. place
  35. point
  36. result
  37. similar
  38. suppose
  39. surprising
  40. tenth
  41. theory
  42. today
  43. transition
  44. turns
  45. underwent
  46. universe
  47. water