full transcript
#### From the Ted Talk by Gian Giudice: Why our universe might exist on a knife-edge

## Unscramble the Blue Letters

But for the mmenot, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary prltacies in nature, even at energies much laegrr than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a sinsrpirug and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my ponit, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the pshae transition that occurs when waetr turns into ice below zero degeers. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.
## Open Cloze

But for the **______**, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary **_________** in nature, even at energies much **______** than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a **__________** and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my **_____**, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the **_____** transition that occurs when **_____** turns into ice below zero **_______**. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.
## Solution

- water
- moment
- point
- larger
- particles
- degrees
- phase
- surprising

## Original Text

But for the moment, since we have found no evidence for new phenomena, let us suppose that the particles that we know today, including the Higgs boson, are the only elementary particles in nature, even at energies much larger than what we have explored so far. Let's see where this hypothesis is going to lead us. We will find a surprising and intriguing result about our universe, and to explain my point, let me first tell you what the Higgs is about, and to do so, we have to go back to one tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. And according to the Higgs theory, at that instant, a dramatic event took place in the universe. Space-time underwent a phase transition. It was something very similar to the phase transition that occurs when water turns into ice below zero degrees. But in our case, the phase transition is not a change in the way the molecules are arranged inside the material, but is about a change of the very fabric of space-time.
## Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

### ngrams of length 2

collocation |
frequency |

higgs field |
16 |

higgs boson |
12 |

phase transition |
5 |

quantum tunneling |
5 |

theoretical physicists |
4 |

boson mass |
4 |

sand dunes |
4 |

intriguing result |
2 |

long time |
2 |

higgs state |
2 |

higgs mass |
2 |

slope angles |
2 |

### ngrams of length 3

collocation |
frequency |

higgs boson mass |
4 |

## Important Words

- arranged
- bang
- big
- billionth
- boson
- case
- change
- degrees
- dramatic
- elementary
- energies
- event
- evidence
- explain
- explored
- fabric
- find
- higgs
- hypothesis
- ice
- including
- instant
- intriguing
- larger
- lead
- material
- molecules
- moment
- nature
- occurs
- particles
- phase
- phenomena
- place
- point
- result
- similar
- suppose
- surprising
- tenth
- theory
- today
- transition
- turns
- underwent
- universe
- water