full transcript

From the Ted Talk by David Epstein: Why specializing early doesn't always mean career success

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, I found a lot of this rercseah deeply counterintuitive, the idea that a head start, whether in picking a career or a course of study or just in learning new material, can sometimes undermine long-term dleoemepnvt. And naturally, I think there are as many ways to scceeud as there are people. But I think we tend only to incentivize and encourage the teigr path, when increasingly, in a weckid world, we need people who travel the Roger path as well. Or as the einnmet physicist and mcmtaihatiean and wonderful writer, Freeman Dyson, put it — and Dyson passed away yesterday, so I hope I'm doing his wodrs honor here — as he said: for a htaehly ecosystem, we need both birds and frogs. Frogs are down in the mud, seeing all the granular details. The bdirs are soaring up above not seeing those details but integrating the knowledge of the frogs. And we need both. The problem, Dyson said, is that we're telling everyone to become frogs. And I think, in a wicked world, that's increasingly shortsighted.

Open Cloze

Now, I found a lot of this ________ deeply counterintuitive, the idea that a head start, whether in picking a career or a course of study or just in learning new material, can sometimes undermine long-term ___________. And naturally, I think there are as many ways to _______ as there are people. But I think we tend only to incentivize and encourage the _____ path, when increasingly, in a ______ world, we need people who travel the Roger path as well. Or as the _______ physicist and _____________ and wonderful writer, Freeman Dyson, put it — and Dyson passed away yesterday, so I hope I'm doing his _____ honor here — as he said: for a _______ ecosystem, we need both birds and frogs. Frogs are down in the mud, seeing all the granular details. The _____ are soaring up above not seeing those details but integrating the knowledge of the frogs. And we need both. The problem, Dyson said, is that we're telling everyone to become frogs. And I think, in a wicked world, that's increasingly shortsighted.

Solution

  1. wicked
  2. succeed
  3. tiger
  4. research
  5. words
  6. birds
  7. development
  8. healthy
  9. eminent
  10. mathematician

Original Text

Now, I found a lot of this research deeply counterintuitive, the idea that a head start, whether in picking a career or a course of study or just in learning new material, can sometimes undermine long-term development. And naturally, I think there are as many ways to succeed as there are people. But I think we tend only to incentivize and encourage the Tiger path, when increasingly, in a wicked world, we need people who travel the Roger path as well. Or as the eminent physicist and mathematician and wonderful writer, Freeman Dyson, put it — and Dyson passed away yesterday, so I hope I'm doing his words honor here — as he said: for a healthy ecosystem, we need both birds and frogs. Frogs are down in the mud, seeing all the granular details. The birds are soaring up above not seeing those details but integrating the knowledge of the frogs. And we need both. The problem, Dyson said, is that we're telling everyone to become frogs. And I think, in a wicked world, that's increasingly shortsighted.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
head start 3
deliberate practice 3
hours rule 2
early specializers 2
late specializers 2
short term 2
long run 2
developmental stories 2
kind learning 2
playing card 2

Important Words

  1. birds
  2. career
  3. counterintuitive
  4. deeply
  5. details
  6. development
  7. dyson
  8. ecosystem
  9. eminent
  10. encourage
  11. freeman
  12. frogs
  13. granular
  14. head
  15. healthy
  16. honor
  17. hope
  18. idea
  19. incentivize
  20. increasingly
  21. integrating
  22. knowledge
  23. learning
  24. lot
  25. material
  26. mathematician
  27. mud
  28. naturally
  29. passed
  30. path
  31. people
  32. physicist
  33. picking
  34. problem
  35. put
  36. research
  37. roger
  38. shortsighted
  39. soaring
  40. start
  41. study
  42. succeed
  43. telling
  44. tend
  45. tiger
  46. travel
  47. undermine
  48. ways
  49. wicked
  50. wonderful
  51. words
  52. world
  53. writer
  54. yesterday